Comparison of nursing theories. Theories Compare And Contrast Nursing Essay 2022-10-18
Comparison of nursing theories
Nursing theories are important tools that help to define the unique focus and goals of the nursing profession. These theories provide a framework for understanding and addressing the complex health needs of individuals, families, and communities. There are many nursing theories that have been developed over the years, and each one offers a unique perspective on the nature of nursing and the role of the nurse in promoting health and well-being. In this essay, we will compare and contrast two nursing theories: Dorothea Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory and Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring.
Dorothea Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory is a grand nursing theory that focuses on the role of the nurse in helping individuals to meet their own self-care needs. According to Orem, self-care is defined as the "activities that individuals initiate and perform on their own behalf in maintaining life, health, and well-being" (Orem, 1995). The theory proposes that when individuals are unable to meet their own self-care needs, they will experience a self-care deficit and will require the assistance of a nurse to help them meet those needs.
One of the key components of Orem's theory is the concept of self-care agency, which refers to an individual's ability to take charge of their own self-care and make informed decisions about their health and well-being. The nurse's role in this theory is to assess the individual's self-care needs and provide education and support to help the individual develop the necessary skills and knowledge to meet those needs. The ultimate goal of the nurse in this theory is to help the individual achieve self-care independence, which means that they are able to meet their own self-care needs without the assistance of a nurse.
Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring is a middle-range nursing theory that focuses on the importance of the nurse-patient relationship in promoting health and healing. According to Watson, caring is an essential aspect of nursing practice and is essential for healing to take place. The theory proposes that the nurse-patient relationship is a key factor in the healing process, and that the nurse has a unique role in facilitating that process.
One of the key components of Watson's theory is the concept of caritas, which refers to the compassionate, caring behavior of the nurse towards the patient. This includes behaviors such as empathy, kindness, and respect for the patient's autonomy and dignity. The nurse's role in this theory is to create a caring environment for the patient and to engage in caring behaviors that promote healing and well-being. The ultimate goal of the nurse in this theory is to help the patient achieve optimal health and well-being through the creation of a caring environment and the development of a compassionate, caring relationship with the patient.
In comparing these two nursing theories, we can see that both Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory and Watson's Theory of Human Caring place a strong emphasis on the importance of the nurse-patient relationship in promoting health and well-being. However, they differ in their focus and goals. Orem's theory focuses on the nurse's role in helping individuals to meet their own self-care needs, while Watson's theory focuses on the importance of the nurse-patient relationship in the healing process. Both theories offer valuable insights into the nature of nursing and the role of the nurse in promoting health and well-being, and can be useful in guiding nursing practice and education.
Comparison of Nursing Theories
In both of the models age, past experiences, developmental, and sociocultural environment influences the individuals. The main similarity between these two theories is the fact that they focus on human and patient needs. Furthermore, Moore received her Ph. The role played by registered nurses in medical facilities is one that the society cannot downplay. These include lifestyle choices and patterns, the quality of social connections and relationship, socioeconomic status, and many others. She deliberately outlines major problems and recommends key skills that a nurse should possess.
Nursing Theories: Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories
It is this framework that provides uniformity in the nursing profession. New York, NY: Elsevier. Roy explain the Human beings as a set of interrelated system psychological, biological, and social. For example, when providing care to a patient with an autoimmune condition, a nurse will use the self-care theory to educate patients on the most effective management strategies. Health is described as a state in which something is structurally and functionally whole or sound. S nursing in 1945.
Comparison of Nursing Theory: Grand Theory
In addition, it increases satisfaction among the nurses and the patients. The middle-range model explicitly addresses the notion of comfort and how it is critical for nursing. The theory explains that when nurses respect and uphold culture, religion, values, and ideals of patients, the overall quality of healthcare improves an approach that is different from the one held by the Needs Theory. Numbness, irritability, and resentment soon give way to a feeling of great loss, and depression arises. The assumption does not clarify the treatment that patients will experience in the event that they return to the facility in need of checkups or attention. Additionally, Watson says that nurses should instill a sense of faith and hope in patients. The assumptions include the amount of care, nature of education, and treatment of return patients.
Comparison of Nursing Theories
Chichester, West Sussex: Blackwell. The similarities present in the two theories comprise their emphasis on care, quality services, and development of a good nurse-patient relationship. Understanding these processes allows restoring the system of cause-and-effect relationships between the actions that took place, behavioral reactions, and creating their imitation model, which was done both in the theory of Elisabeth Kubler-Ross and Hildegard Peplau. In 1959 Ray MA developed the theory of bureaucratic caring for the nursing practice. These notions are based on her own experience as a medic, a psychiatrist, and a pediatrics nurse. Kubler-Ross graduated from the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Zurich, after which she left for the United States in 1958. In the event of an illness especially a major one, people tend to turn to spirituality for healing and to ease their pain.
The Explanation and Comparison of Nursing Theories
Compare and contrast these two types of theory and how they can be used to inform ANP practice using one grand theory and one middle range theory as examples. The main purpose of this theory is to assess the individual at different level and provide care accordingly to the needs. In addition, she proposes eight statements, which can be used to develop a protocol of actionable steps. Further, Orem-grand nursing theory can be classified into human activities, spiritual needs, and social needs. Primary prevention is associated with the applied client assessment and a subsequent intervention targeted at the reduction of possible risk factors. Thoughts about the Neuman systems model: A dialogue. They provide guiding frameworks supported by theoretical and empirical knowledge, enabling nurses to create a plethora of supporting frameworks centered around patient care.
Comparison and Contrasting of Nursing Theories: Elisabeth Kubler
Nursing is a field that is crucial in the livelihoods of individuals. The need for transcultural nursing theory and practice in all areas of health care became more evident with the changing demographics of countries worldwide. She received her advanced degrees that this education permitted her to work as director of the Providence Hospital School of Nursing in Detroit, where she also imparted biological disciplines and nursing. JAMA, 297 24 , 2692-2694. Journal of American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 6 2 , 56-62. These theories also provide an outline for the development of new information concerning the profession and the validation of the current information. A scrutiny of the Needs Theory makes the reader understand that Henderson had the patient in mind while drafting the theory.
The Nursing Theories Comparison
Introduction: A nursing theory is a coherent of concepts, descriptions, association and expectations or propositions developed to provide a connecting framework or from other disciplines and a scheme derived from purposeful, logical assessment of spectacles by scheming quantified inter-relationships between perceptions for the tenacities of unfolding, elucidation, expecting, or advocating. The provisions of Needs Theory according to Alligood 2014 focus on amplifying the quality of care that patients receive from healthcare facilities. This is not the case for the grand view, which can only be partially implemented realistically. Although there are similarities and differences between grand nursing theories and middle range theories both types of theories can prove to be useful when informing advanced nursing practice McCrae, 2012. It stands for focusing the efforts on a single primary issue.
Nursing Theory Comparison: Needs Theory and Transcultural Nursing Theory
The system model will also be used in this case to evaluate barriers factors that prevent the patient from reaching desired health outcomes. The main aim and purpose of the nursing theories is to provide nursing care to the human beings. Nursing Science Quarterly, 25 4 , 374-376. Fundamentally, a nurse cannot understand patient ideals and beliefs in the absence of a good relationship with the respective patients. The person has two major internal processing subsystems, the regulator and the cognator. Englebright, Aldrich, and Taylor 2014 elucidate that the assumption associated with care demonstrated by Needs Theory is not clear and practical since a number of contemporary nurses execute their duties successfully under minimal supervision and will only need continued training on the changes that transpire in the process of service delivery.
Comparison of Nursing Theories Rough opportunities.alumdev.columbia.edu
Diverse ideas have different perceptions and sense; conversely, in nursing health care practice all these theories have the active role in describing the fundamental philosophies and notions in simple techniques. In comparison, the major concepts of the middle-range theory by Kolcaba are comprised of seven essential ideas. When nurses develop a good relationship with patients and associate with their experiences, they effectively provide advice that helps them plan their treatment plans in line with their purchasing power without compromising the quality of services that they receive. In this paper I am discussing the Orem theory and Roy adaption model, and will compare and contrast to conclude the better applicability of it. The early writers of nursing theories did not attempt to address metaparadigmatic concepts, since there was no consensus about this at the time Haber, 2000.