Collective behavior refers to the actions and interactions of a group of people, typically in response to some kind of social, economic, or political event or issue. Examples of collective behavior can be found in a wide range of situations, including protests, riots, fads, and even everyday social interactions. In this essay, we will explore several examples of collective behavior to better understand this phenomenon.
One common example of collective behavior is the protest. Protests are organized gatherings of people who come together to express their discontent with a particular issue or policy. These can take many forms, from peaceful marches and sit-ins to more disruptive actions such as blocking traffic or occupying buildings. Protests often involve collective behavior because they require people to coordinate their actions and communicate their shared goals.
Another example of collective behavior is the riot. Riots are more extreme and destructive forms of protest that involve large groups of people engaging in violent or disruptive behavior. Riots can be sparked by a variety of issues, such as political injustice, police brutality, or social inequality. Like protests, riots involve collective behavior as people come together to express their discontent and demand change.
Fads are another example of collective behavior. A fad is a brief, often irrational, and intense interest in a particular activity, product, or trend. Fads can be driven by a variety of factors, such as peer pressure, media attention, or the desire to fit in with a particular group. Fads often involve collective behavior as people join in the trend and engage in similar activities or purchase the same products.
Even everyday social interactions can involve collective behavior. For example, people may engage in collective laughter or follow social norms and customs when interacting with others. In these cases, people are often influenced by the actions and behaviors of those around them, leading to a shared experience and a sense of belonging.
Collective behavior can also be seen in more formalized groups, such as organizations or communities. In these cases, people may come together to achieve a shared goal or purpose, such as improving the lives of their community members or advancing a particular cause. In these situations, collective behavior may involve more structured and planned actions, such as volunteering, fundraising, or campaigning.
Overall, collective behavior is a widespread and influential phenomenon that can take many forms. From protests and riots to everyday social interactions, collective behavior is a powerful force that brings people together to make their voices heard and effect change.
Example Of Collective Behavior
Resistance to New Technologies As newer technologies are introduced, they create social change. The crowd: A study of the popular mind. Cress, Daniel and David Snow. Based on this fact, some sociologists asserted that collective behavior involves the actions of a group of people who are responding in a similar way to an event or situation, including people who all occupy the same location a crowd , as well as mass phenomena in which individuals are dispersed across a wide area mass behavior. The acceleration of activity in many collective behaviours is attributed to the actions of the leader. And finally, global movements occur on a global scale, comprising movements across many countries. Although activity is often inefficient, the task of rescuing persons who are trapped and of getting the injured to first-aid facilities is usually accomplished fairly expeditiously, often before outside help arrives.
This emergent leadership acts first what the others will do subsequently. Roger Brown 1954 classifies crowds as either active or passive. Not all collective behavior has to occur in the immediate vicinity of others compact crowds. For instance, many factories in manufacturing industries are autonomous due to advanced machinery and, therefore, can fire or lower the wages of their workers. Which is an example of a crowd behaviour? Collective behavior is a huge term for sociologists, with a broad spectrum of meanings.
According to Turner and Killian, when people start interacting in collective behavior, initially they are not sure how they are supposed to behave. Over the next several days, weeks, and months, they must make many adjustments as their lives slowly return to normal, or at least as close to normal as can be expected. Examples of crowds include the audience in a movie theater or people at a pep rally for a sporting event. Some of them have also been labelled pogroms which is an organised massacre of a certain ethnic or cultural group such as the 1984 Anti-Sikh riots. Social Change Social change is a change in society, driven by social movements. Back found that the crisis came after a period during which the women employees had performed unusual amounts of overtime work. Riots Riots are usually politically, communally or ethnically charged spontaneous outbursts of violence by a large number of people, generally one group against the other.
When individuals are by themselves, he wrote, they act rationally, but when they are in a crowd, they come under its almost hypnotic influence and act irrationally and emotionally. Conventional Crowd Conventional crowds result from more deliberate planning with norms that are defined and acted upon according to the situation. Crowds are a group of people uniting with a similar concern and in close proximity and often, the people in the crowd do things they would not normally do. Its restlessness can be seen in an audience waiting for a late-starting program to begin or among citizens who have just received word of an assassination attempt. But if a group of parents gather at the site of a school bus accident, weeping over lost lives, this is collective behavior. Theories of civil violence.
Similarly, if they decide that protest will not improve these conditions, they again will not protest. While these two types of crowds are similar, they are not the same. Berkeley: University of California Press. Evolutionary Theory of Social Change The well-known work of Charles Darwin 1809-1882 can be looked at as a famous example of social change. What are the types of mass behavior? Conditions for Collective Behavior To understand collective behavior, it helps to understand what the different forms of collective behavior have in common. Purposive riots arise from dissatisfaction regarding a particular issue and are intended to achieve a specific goal regarding that issue.
Examples of Collective Behavior—Types & Definition
Common forms of collective behavior discussed in this section include crowds, mobs, panics, riots, disaster behavior, rumors, mass hysteria, moral panics, and fads and crazes. A growing generalized belief evolved as the crowd of protesters were met with heavily armed police in military-style protective uniforms accompanied by an armored vehicle. Attack the woman or someone else? An example of a casual crowd is a gathering of people who are waiting to cross the street at a busy intersection in a large city. Two broad categories of these beliefs and perceptions have been distinguished: a rumors, mass hysteria, and moral panics; and b fads and crazes. How does collective behavior lead to social change? Goode 1992 again thinks that conventional crowds do not really act out collective behavior; as their name implies, their behavior is very conventional and thus relatively structured. In the simplest sense, panics involve competition for something in short supply. Third, the faddish preoccupation means holding in Occasionally waves of fear find expression in a rash of false perceptions and symptoms of physical illness.
This movement was led primarily by rural Protestants who abhorred drinking as a moral and social sin. The leading agents in bringing the mob into being are too preoccupied with their indignation for this. The most convincing piece of evidence to reinforce this assertion is found at the beginning of the 15th chapter of Thio's Society's Myths and Realities: An Introduction to Social Change. Contagion theory relies heavily on such idea as stimulus-response and emotional contagion. The situational explanation is not complete by itself, however, as indicated by such occasions as the sinking of the Titanic and passengers who have panicked in other maritime disasters, except that a norm of gentility and heroism came to dominate the collective definition through these elementary processes. Episodes of Included in collective behaviour are the The U. Which is the best theory for collective behavior? If people decide that the conditions they dislike are their own fault, they will decide not to protest.
Disaster victims generally do not react in a panicky or selfish manner. Race riots again occurred during the early 20th century, as whites continued to attack African Americans in major U. Because of conduciveness, strain, and the development of a generalized belief, the situation is now ripe for an explosion. Annual Review of Sociology, 9, 579—600. Looting for personal gain is infrequent in the early stages of rioting. Tasks that call for intense effort within a brief time span are completed, and the slow and discouraging work of rebuilding confronts the community.
Human milling has at least four important effects. The fifth condition is mobilization for action, when leaders emerge to direct a crowd to action. The drug has been tested in all of the apparently relevant settings; children have run out of new ways to twirl the Hula-Hoop. They believe that the norms experienced by people in a crowd may be disparate and fluctuating. However, you may now recognize the social change that has occurred in relation to legalizing marijuana.