Chinese american family structure. Structure of Family 2022-10-09
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Chinese American family structure has evolved over time, influenced by both traditional Chinese values and the cultural and societal changes brought about by immigration and assimilation into American society.
In traditional Chinese culture, the family is considered the cornerstone of society and is highly valued. The family is typically hierarchical, with the oldest male member serving as the head and decision-maker for the family. Filial piety, or respect for one's elders and ancestors, is a key value in Chinese culture, and this is reflected in the importance placed on the role of children in the family. Children are expected to be obedient and to work hard to bring honor and respect to the family.
Chinese American families have often maintained these traditional values, but have also adapted to the individualistic and more egalitarian values of American society. In many Chinese American families, the role of the father as the sole decision-maker has become less rigid, and mothers often play a more equal role in decision-making and parenting. The importance of education and academic success is often emphasized in Chinese American families, as it is seen as a way for children to achieve success and bring honor to the family.
Chinese American families may also differ in their level of adherence to traditional gender roles. In traditional Chinese culture, men were expected to be the breadwinners and women were expected to manage the household and care for the children. However, in modern Chinese American families, both men and women may work outside the home and share responsibilities for childcare and household management.
Another aspect of Chinese American family structure that has changed over time is the size and composition of families. In the past, it was common for Chinese American families to be larger, with multiple generations living together in one household. However, in recent years, the trend has been towards smaller, nuclear families. This may be due to a variety of factors, including the high cost of living in the United States and the desire for more personal freedom and independence.
Overall, Chinese American family structure is influenced by a combination of traditional Chinese values and the cultural and societal changes brought about by immigration and assimilation into American society. While some traditional values and practices have been maintained, Chinese American families have also adapted to the individualistic and more egalitarian values of American society, resulting in a diverse range of family structures within the Chinese American community.
These high expectations of Asian-American parents sometimes appear to be unrealistic to the children, but are founded upon the sacrifices families endured for their children's education Pang and Cheng 1998. In contrast to the patriarchal and patrilineal structure of Japanese, Chinese, and Korean societies, the gender structure in the Philippines is more egalitarian, and kinship is bilateral. Households might include parents, children, unmarried siblings, and grandparents. The text is published in the newspaper The Wall Street Journal, January 8, 2011. Filial piety remains an extremely important value in modern China. To contrast this against American values of the self is that there is a personal expected importance of well being on the individual, emphasizing independence and self-initiative.
Both parenting styles have virtually no common ground except that ultimately both parents want what is best for their children, however, their ideas on what is best are also up for debate. Women are expected to be passive, and nurture the well-being of the family. It is unavailable for children younger than 15 who are not related to the householder, people living in institutional group quarters and people living in college dormitories or military barracks. Americans over 18, who still live with their families, are considered losers. Hate crimes, such as the killing of five Southeast Asian children in a Stockton, California, schoolyard by a gunman wearing military fatigues, and the murder of a Filipino postal worker, Joseph Ileto, because of his Asian ethnicity, have become too common Zia 2000.
Racial profiling in the Wen Ho Lee case, the Taiwanese-American scientist at Los Alamo who was accused of being a Chinese spy, is clear evidence that even high-level white collar Asian-American employees can become targets of racism at any time. Over the generations, as in the case of the Japanese Americans, this pattern changed from the linear male-oriented pattern of kinship to a stem pattern of shared responsibility and inheritance for both sons and daughters Adler 1998. According to… Intergenerational Transmission , Intergenerational transmission is one dimension of the larger concept of intergenerational relations. Pew Research Center Find out more Explore Read the. Effects of Oppression on Family Life Stereotyping, racism, discrimination, and racial profiling have a long history of oppression of Asian Americans in the United States and appear to continue today.
Although there are several similarities between the traditional and the modern family, there are also some very important differences. Typical Chinese Family With a diverse culture among western countries, each country has their own point of view on family values. Gender roles became reversed when Filipina women migrated to become domestic workers and nurses in the health care system, becoming family breadwinners with children and spouses in the homeland. A custom that is very relevant in their culture is their emphasis on family lineage. For example, rather than depending on their children for care, the elderly are turning to retirement homes or government measures for care. This holistic worldview makes Asian-Indian identity tied to social relationships, and the inherent inequality gives rise to social rankings based upon social relations.
For Southeast Asian refugee families, the change in gender relations was a function of the changing gender roles upon relocation. She looks after the needs of everyone, makes sure children are being looked after and handles the household chores or the supervision. Split-household families were common for Chinese between 1850 and the 1920s. This cross-disciplinary volume is an exploratory foray into that intellectual terra incognita. Within the Asian family everyone has specific roles, but the main goal is to care for and ensure the survival of the family, both materially and spiritually.
Although there are distinct differences among the Asian ethnic groups, some of the commonalities in worldview include: group orientation collectivity ; family cohesion and responsibility; self-control and personal discipline; emphasis on educational achievement; respect for authority; reverence for the elderly filial piety ; the use of shame for behavioral control; and interdependence of families and individuals Hildebrand, Phenice, Gray, and Hines 2000. Immigrants make sense out of their new environment by utilizing cultural components from traditional religion and subtly altering them to reflect the demands of the new environment. This helps explain the difference between the Asian and American family structure. The Chinese family involves uncles, aunts and other relatives. Asian Americans have a higher number of individuals in the upper class than any other race. The data also indicates that assistance goes both ways, and if the older couple helps care for the grandchildren or provides financial assistance, the younger couple is more likely to provide favors in return.
She is a professor at Yale Law School, USA. The kinds of interpretive frameworks provided by religion, as a central source of cultural components, become particularly important when people are coping with changing environments Zhou and Gatewood 2000. It is the foundation for all the more complex arrangements humanity has managed to devise since the beginning of the historical era: national economies; kingdoms, states, and empires; civilizations. . Refugee Act defined who counted as a refugee and eventually resulted in either repatriation or settlement in the United States providing there were sponsors. On the other hand, expansion of the functions of government and the market has caused a decline in the power of the family. According to the Confucian thoughts, family is the core among the five important relationships, including husband and wife, elder and younger, siblings and brothers.
China’s Changing Family Structure: Dimensions and Implications
In addition, older Issei, who could not speak English, relied upon their children, the Nisei, to help them negotiate daily living in mainstream society Adler 1998. Although there has always been tension when Korean business owners were located in predominantly African-American neighborhoods, this tension escalated to racial animosity after the acquittal of the white police officers in the Rodney King beating. It is not uncommon to hear a young child disagreeing with a parent because he or she has been taught to have his or her own opinion. These camps began to overflow with refugees from Vietnam and Laos including the Hmong , and the Khmer from Cambodia Suhrke 1998. I Begin My Life All Over: The Hmong and the American Immigrant Experience. New York: Caplan, N.
This Confucian emphasis on hierarchy and roles is reflected in the very precise way that relatives are classified using different names in Chinese see the section on how to talk about family members in Chinese below. Discrimination in housing and economic necessity after World War II often brought a variety of Japanese family and nonfamily members together in one household. Chinese and other Asian families, on the other hand, foster a Family Identity. Through their research, they discovered that the decrease in births has caused a reduction in the size of the family but that interactions between older and younger generations are still frequent and intimate. About this publication Watching America is seeking VOLUNTEER TRANSLATORS age 18+ to translate foreign opinion pieces about the United States into U. Whether he is still working or not, he is the one who takes most of the decisions for others in the house and secures their future. Asian Americans: An Interpretive History.
The Differences Between Chinese Family and American Family
It is barely to see parents in American dorms. Scharff; and Jacqueline Deal and Michael Szonyi—leading scholars in their respective fields. Thus, Chinese culture was maintained. As a result of this Confucian training, Asian children are taught a sense of indebtedness to their family for what the family provides for the children when they are born, during their upbringing, and adult life. The concept of filial piety forms the basis for all other relationships—ruler to subject, parent to child, husband to wife, older to younger, and friend to friend.