Characteristics of satire in animal farm. Is Animal Farm a satire or allegory? 2022-10-25
Characteristics of satire in animal farm Rating:
Satire is a literary technique used to expose and criticize flaws or faults in society, individuals, or institutions through the use of humor, irony, or exaggeration. In George Orwell's Animal Farm, satire is used to expose and criticize the flaws of Soviet communism. The novel is a political allegory that uses animals on a farm to represent the rise and fall of the Soviet Union.
One characteristic of satire in Animal Farm is the use of animal characters to represent historical figures and political ideologies. For example, the pig Old Major represents Karl Marx, the founder of communism, and the pig Napoleon represents Joseph Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union. The other animals on the farm represent the working class, or proletariat, in communist society. By using animal characters to represent real-life people and ideologies, Orwell is able to satirize communism in a more humorous and subtle way.
Another characteristic of satire in Animal Farm is the use of irony. Throughout the novel, Orwell uses irony to expose the hypocrisy and corruption of the communist leaders. For example, the pigs, who represent the communist leaders, claim to be working for the benefit of all the animals on the farm. However, they eventually become corrupt and begin to take more and more for themselves, eventually becoming indistinguishable from the human farmers they were supposed to replace. This ironic twist exposes the greed and selfishness of the communist leaders and the failure of their ideology.
A third characteristic of satire in Animal Farm is the use of exaggeration. Orwell exaggerates the flaws of communism in order to make them more prominent and easier to criticize. For example, the pigs, who represent the communist leaders, become increasingly tyrannical and oppressive as they gain more power. They rewrite the commandments of the farm to justify their actions and use propaganda and manipulation to maintain their control. This exaggeration of the pigs' behavior exposes the flaws of totalitarianism and the dangers of absolute power.
In conclusion, the characteristics of satire in Animal Farm include the use of animal characters to represent historical figures and political ideologies, the use of irony to expose hypocrisy and corruption, and the use of exaggeration to highlight the flaws of communism. Through these techniques, Orwell effectively criticizes and satirizes the Soviet Union and the dangers of totalitarianism.
Animal Farm as Animal Satire Animal Farm, Essay
The most direct use of satire in Human Nature In George Orwell's Animal Farm 801 Words 4 Pages Animal Farm Essay How are allegories relevant when discussing societies issues of human nature? The satirist differs from authors ofother types of literature with regard to its way of dealing withhis subject. Read an Boxer The cart-horse whose incredible strength, dedication, and loyalty play a key role in the early prosperity of Animal Farm and the later completion of the windmill. Whymper The human solicitor whom Napoleon hires to represent Animal Farm in human society. The irony present in the above example, illuminates how regardless of how much a ruler promises to maintain equality and fairness, the position of power that they hold, will corrupt them. Orwell died at the early age of forty-seven of a neglected lung ailment in London, Jan.
Animal Farm has sometimes been read as a fable against socialism. To him, in order to achieve this end the only way was a revolution made by the working class or the Proletariat against the Bourgeoisie. Trotsky founded the ideology of Trotskyism, which was opposing Stalinism. Karl Marx is known as the father of Marxism, the foundation for the political ideology of Communism. Orwell took a massive risk and jeopardized his well-being by letting this story get out to the public. Thus, we cannot define his practices as of a giddy cruel despot. Old Major and his role compare with that of Karl Marx, whose ideas set the communist Revolution in effect.
After World War II, many countries began to notice the ideals of communism and its potential benefits nurtured from the Russian Revolution, without acknowledging the negative ramifications involved. People argue that this novel is linked to the Russian Revolution as the events that happen between Snowball and Napoleon can be linked to the events that happened between Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky. Orwell, disillusioned by the brutal dictatorship he believed the Soviet Union had become; considered it an appropriate time to write an allegorical and dystopian novel. Napoleon's and Boxer's behaviors in Animal Farm demonstrate how the leaders and the followers both act in was to destroy freedom and equality. Richard 1976 says:this danger becomes the greater, the more the writer is committedto invective and abuse. No animal shall drink alcohol. Even though his name resembles that of Napoleon Bonaparte, he is thought to resemble Joseph Stalin in his actions.
Out of his analysis of Capitalist system, he attained a vision of ending these injustices and establishing a society in which there would be no social classes and everybody would be equal. A similar idea could be said about Moses the raven. What appeared to be a story about animals freeing themselves from captivity is actually a satirical book that brings to light political leaders and Communism. Satire What is satire? He wrote Animal Farm to parallel the events in European history concerning the Bolshevik Revolution and the communists ' rise to power. It approaches to its subject with a degrading and disrespecting manner Bozkurt, 1977, p.
Napoleon, stalin, uses the dogs, which is the kgb, to scare the people into obeying him and following his orders. During this war Red Army of the revolution organisedand headed by Leon Trotsky had to fight against both Russians whowere loyal to Czar and foreign troops The Academic AmericanEncyclopaedia, 1995. Yet, in the end, they are exchanging one tyrant for another. Of all of the animals on the farm, he alone comprehends the changes that take place, but he seems either unwilling or unable to oppose the pigs. They watched over the reliability of the officers and provided propaganda. Moses spoke of a promised land in which was flowing with milk and honey. Through reduction the satirist aims at to make the reader laugh at his subject.
Since, it is clearly seen that Orwell bitterly criticise Russian Communism and Stalin. Power Corrupt In Animal Farm 820 Words 4 Pages Power. Author Marie Macnee calls the novel a deceptively simple animal fable about a barnyard revolt that satirizes the consequences of the Russian Revolution while suggesting why most revolutionary ideals fail 2017. The main message in Animal Farm is that power cannot be divided equally. The turning point of the story wassupposed to be when the pigs kept the milk for themselves Kronstad.
Symbolism, Satire, and Other Literary Devices in Animal Farm, a Novel by George Orwell: [Essay Example], 2236 words GradesFixer
Satire relies on the following literary elements: Humor Irony Comic Juxtaposition Understatement and Diminution Inflation Grotesque Parody Examples of Irony: Gulliver's Travels, by Jonathan Swift "A Modest Proposal," by Jonathan Swift Huckleberry Finn, by Mark Twain The Daily Show Animal Farm, George Orwell Related Links: Examples Literary Terms Examples. My special thanks go to +zg r Ceylan, who constantly granted me her moral support. His first fame was brought by these two novels and they were the only ones which made a profit for him as a writer Ball,1984. When others spoke to oppose him, he used the dogs to quietly threaten the safety of those animals. Richard 1976 suggests two main techniques that the satirist use: the first one is reduction and the other one is invective and irony.
The characters do not realize, as the reader does, that Squealer has been modifying the commandments all along. These characters are: Jones and Czar Nicholas II, Old Major and Karl Marx, Snowball and Leon Trotsky, as well as Napoleon and Joseph Stalin. Orwell substitutes animals for humans, so the big concepts of communism are shown on the farm. Presentation This chapter introduces general information about George Orwell s life. But for the satirist some particular techniques arenecessary to achieve his aim. Actually, the point that Orwell intended to give emphasis is notthe ideology itself, but the human nature.
He takes advantage of the vulnerable animals so he can become in command. However, imbalance of power occur as the pigs, who are the smartest of the animals gain influence by supervising other animals to work. George Orwell was concerned with the spread of communism throughout Europe and the world and the oppression that took place under it. Under the light of information presented in the previous chapters, Chapter four discusses Animal Farm and focuses on the book as a political satire. The author used animals on an English farm to tell the story of soviet communism. . He was also one of the main writers in The Communist Manifesto, where most of the ideology of Communism can be found.