CBE (Council of Biology Editors) citing is a citation style that is used in the field of biology and related sciences. It is based on the scientific method, which emphasizes the importance of citing sources in order to support the validity and reliability of scientific research.
In CBE style, citations are placed in parentheses within the text of the paper and include the last name of the author(s) and the year of publication. For example: "According to Smith (2020), the population of the endangered species has decreased significantly in recent years."
If the source has two authors, both names should be included in the citation. If there are three or more authors, the citation should include the first author's name followed by "et al." For example: "Recent studies by Jones et al. (2019) have shown that climate change is having a significant impact on the migration patterns of birds."
When citing a source that has been quoted or paraphrased in the text, the page number should also be included in the citation. For example: "According to a study conducted by Smith and Jones (2019), the population of the endangered species has decreased significantly in recent years (p. 10)."
In the reference list at the end of the paper, all sources cited in the text should be listed alphabetically by the last name of the first author. Each entry should include the following information:
Author's last name, followed by the initials of their first and middle names
Year of publication
Title of the article or book
Name of the journal or book publisher
Volume and issue number (for articles)
Page numbers (for articles)
Smith, J. M. (2020). The effects of climate change on endangered species. Journal of Environmental Science, 35(2), 123-135.
Jones, T. K., & Smith, J. M. (2019). The impact of climate change on bird migration patterns. Nature, 500(7463), 45-50.
It is important to accurately and consistently follow CBE citation style in order to give credit to the original sources of the information and ideas used in your research. Proper citation also helps to establish the credibility of your work and allows others to easily locate and verify the sources you have used.
Creating CBE Citation and References to Use in Biology Papers
New York NY : Simon Schuster; 2014. Boston MA : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt; 2010. Examples: N-Y: Jackson R. Cancer stem cells, In: Carlson BM, editor. Give only the date year, month, day for weekly magazines; year and month for monthly magazines. Chicago: American Medical Assoc; 1985. Each number should be followed by a period and one space.
CBE Citation Formatting Style Guide: Making very first procedures regarding the real way to Biology Field
Bethesda MD : NIH; 1997 Sept. North Am Assoc for the Study of Obesity. Scientific style and format: The CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers. Place of publication: publisher name; Number of pages. Government publication Reference U. Microform Books Format: Entry number. If the text leading into the quotation does not clearly identify the source, include a citation after the closing punctuation of the quoted material.
Example: Steiner U, Klein J, Eiser E. As usual, CBE writing format presents two opposite documentation systems: C-S Citation-Sequence System and N-Y Name-Year System. Gastroenterology 1980 Aug; 79 2 311-4. Available from: BRS Information Technologies, McLean, VA. The in-text citationMSHA does not seem to alter the efficiency of intestinal colonization. Auckland: Pyramid Press; 1995. Articles from Journals: Electronic see Section 30.
Aspirin compared with acetoaminophen for relief of headache. According to the given CBE documentation style, one provides complete bibliographic information in the "References" section. New York: North Point Press; 2000. Spacing N-Y and C-S : all entries have to be single-spaced. Piot P, Kapita BM, Were JBO. This page is a selective bibliography and does not include a full accounting of sources related to or consulted before you began writing your document, but only those actually cited.
Therefore dedicated plans should be made for handling the anticipated waste before the mining operation starts. Accessed 1996 May 21. Accessed 1990 Jan 10. Resolution Number, Legislature Number, Session Number, Year Collection of Laws Example: 4. Biomedical research, development, and engineering at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. Abbreviated title of journal and year of forthcoming publication if known.
Available from: BRS Information Technologies, McLean, VA. The primary difficulty connected using this specific composing design could be the fact it presents a few contrary paperwork systems: Citation-Sequence and Name-Year. Place of publication: publisher name. Microbial ecology research at the Gulf Breeze U. Directory of chemical producers and products.
Wonderful Guide to the CBE Citation Style: Handy Tips
A semicolon is used to separate items that are parts of an element but are not directly related, such as the date of publication of a journal and the volume number or the publisher of a book and the year of publication. Issleib and Hohlfeld 1961; De Stefano et al. Book chapter title:Sustainability in Mining Authors: J. The basic format consists of a citation in the body of paper that includes the name of author s and year of publication. Article in a journal paginated by issue 13.
Guide: Citation Guide: Council of Science Editors (Citation
The profession of medicine. Evolutionary perspectives on human reproductive behavior. State Joint Resolutions, Enacted Note: This example was taken from CSE's Scientific Style and Format p 663. It is located at the end of a document or book and contains all the bibliographic information needed to find out more about each cited source within the text. The title of magazine and publication year: pagination. Located at: repository and location of repository. Psychosocial stressors and adjustment disorder: Van Gogh's life chart illustrates stress and disease.
Designing health care for populations applied epidemiology in health care administration. Treat the institution granting the degree as the publisher. Laurel MD : JHU; 1979 Oct. It really is interconnected aided by the bibliography. However, as the ranking grew into a national standard, a vicious feedback loop materialized. For three or more numbers in a sequence, join the first and last numbers of the sequence with a hyphen: 11, 13-16.