Thus, ethical responsibilities embrace those activities, standards, policies, and practices that are expected or prohibited by society even though they are not codified into law. The airline is regulated by the United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority and operates under the type A Operating Licence. Corporate social responsibility: The centerpiece of competing and complimentary frameworks. This is why; most of the organizations either publish a separate corporate sustainability report or include a section of corporate social responsibility in their annual company reports. Most laws grew out of ethical issues, e.
For some time it has been the emerging view that social activity can and does lead to economic rewards and that business should attempt to create such a favorable situation Chrisman and Carroll The business case for CSR refers to the underlying arguments supporting or documenting why the business community should accept and advance the CSR cause. A consideration of stakeholders and sustainability, today, is inseparable from CSR. Academy of Management Review, 4, 497—505. A brief review of each of the four categories of CSR follows. Supporting issues that affect society, such as advocating political or social issues that can help others—for example, advocating for child labor laws, purchasing fair trade products, recycling. Organizational survival is on the line and profits are no longer the singular metric. The primary obligation is economical, since all businesses earn financial revenue first and foremost.
Though the pyramid could be perceived to be a static snapshot of responsibilities, it is intended to be seen as a dynamic, adaptable framework the content of which focuses both on the present and the future. In addition, society expects organisations to conduct and manage their business in an ethical manner. Economic responsibilities most dramatically impact shareholders and employees because if the business is not financially viable both of these groups will be significantly affected. Journal of Business Ethics, 15 2 , 199—206. Those firms that are not successful in their economic or financial sphere go out of business and any other responsibilities that may be incumbent upon them become moot considerations. Ethical labor practices: By treating employees fairly and ethically, companies can also demonstrate their corporate social responsibility.
Obviously, laws are based on ethical premises, but ethics goes beyond that. In essence, then, both contain a strong ethical dimension or character and the difference hinges upon the mandate society has given business through legal codification. The pyramid should be seen as sustainable in that these responsibilities represent long term obligations that overarch into future generations of stakeholders as well. Philanthropic responsibilities influence the morale of the employees, enhance the brand value, and have a major impact on the community. When seen in this way, the pyramid is viewed as a unified or integrated whole Carroll and Buchholtz The pyramid is a sustainable stakeholder framework Each of the four components of responsibility addresses different stakeholders in terms of the varying priorities in which the stakeholders might be affected.
This calls for proper planning, setting out of clear corporate responsibility descriptions and formulation of sound corporate governance policies by business organisations Carroll 1979. CEOs, managers, and entrepreneurs will attest to the vital foundational importance of profitability and return on investment as motivators for business success. Buchholtz, 2006, 65-79 defi. Economic responsibilities As a fundamental condition or requirement of existence, businesses have an economic responsibility to the society that permitted them to be created and sustained. Legal responsibilities The aspect of legal responsibilities ranks high among the priorities of the British Airways. All in all, the four categories of organisational corporate responsibilities demonstrate that business organisations emphasize on economic aspects, followed by legal and ethical aspects of their organisations with concerns for the discretionary aspects being the least in the order of preference Carroll, 1979.
The CSR pyramid holds that firms should engage in decisions, actions, policies and practices that simultaneously fulfill the four component parts. Two opposing perspectives to CSR have emerged resulting from different interpretations of the role of corporations in society— business view and societal view. Bowen of his landmark book Social Responsibilities of the Businessman in 1953. The market size is important in determining the scope potential market services. SMR forum: corporate responsibility—reconciling economic and social goals. Virtually all economic systems of the world recognize the vital importance to the societies of businesses making profits. The remuneration Committee is charged with the responsibility of reviewing the contractual and remuneration arrangements of the senior management based on their appraised performance.
Addressing a theoretical problem by reorienting the corporate social performance model. This act of social responsibility must be communicated to the different stake holders in order to have a good standing. In this light, the concept of media ethics is an integral part of CSR for these industries and functions as a benchmark to establish the degrees to which media companies fulfill social expectations and, moreover, that financial incentive is a practical reality. Put succinctly by Senator Elizabeth Warren, everyday citizens just expect well-heeled companies to One of the most shining examples of corporate philanthropy is Bill Gates. Thus, ethical responsibilities embrace those activities, standards, policies, and practices that are expected or prohibited by society even though they are not codified into law.
Based on his four-part framework or definition of corporate social responsibility, Carroll created a graphic depiction of CSR in the form of a pyramid. But, ethical expectations carry these further. The BITC four-part framework identifies corporate governance in terms of the market place, the work place, the environment and the community. . This means that business has the expectation, and obligation, that it will do what is right, just, and fair and to avoid or minimize harm to all the stakeholders with whom it interacts.