Care and protection of children act. Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015 2022-10-26
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Helen Keller was a remarkable woman who overcame numerous challenges in her life, including deafness and blindness. However, she was not mute.
Born in 1880, Helen Keller lost her hearing and vision at the age of 19 months due to an illness. Despite this, she learned to communicate and advocate for herself and others with disabilities. She attended the Perkins School for the Blind and learned to read and write in braille. She also learned to speak, although her speech was difficult for others to understand due to her deafness.
Throughout her life, Helen Keller worked as an author, lecturer, and activist. She wrote several books, including "The Story of My Life," which described her experiences growing up as a deaf and blind person. She also traveled internationally as a lecturer, sharing her experiences and advocating for the rights of people with disabilities.
Helen Keller's determination and perseverance in the face of immense challenges inspired many people around the world. She is remembered as a symbol of hope and possibility, proving that even those who face seemingly insurmountable obstacles can achieve great things.
In conclusion, while Helen Keller faced many challenges due to her deafness and blindness, she was not mute. She learned to communicate through braille, speech, and writing, and used these skills to become an influential and inspiring figure.
Juvenile Justice Act (JJA)
Also, check out Juvenile Justice Act The Juvenile Justice Care and Protection of Children Act, 2015 is an act to strengthen and amend the law relating to children who are alleged to be in conflict with the law and children who are in need of care and protection by meeting their basic needs through adequate care, protection, development, treatment, along with social reintegration, by adopting and implementing a child-friendly approach in the arbitration and disposal of matters and cases in the finest interest of children and for the rehabilitation of children. Presentation before child justice court 1 Subject to 2 If it is not possible to bring a child before a child justice court within the time specified under subsection 1 , the child shall be brought before any magistrate who may direct that the child be placed in— a a place of safety; or b the care of a fit and proper person, until such time as the child can be brought before a child justice court. Custody and access 1 A parent, a family member or any other appropriate person may apply to a child justice court for custody of a child. According to psychiatric research, adolescent crimes actually peak between the age of 16 and 18 because of physical and hormonal changes. Tracing of parents or guardians A local government authority shall make every effort, including publication through the mass media, to trace the parents or guardians of any lost or abandoned child or to return the child to the place where the child ordinarily resides; and, where the authority does not succeed, it shall refer the matter to a probation officer or social welfare officer or to the police. Hence, there is a huge and urgent need to formulate certain stricter legislation concerning the Youth of the nation. Child recovery order 1 If it appears to a child justice court that there are reasonable grounds to believe that a child has been abducted or trafficked, it may make a child recovery order.
Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015
Harmful cultural practices No person shall subject a child to a social or customary practice that is harmful to the health or general development of the child. The Children Bill of 1959 prohibited and disallowed the charging of capital punishment or sentence of detainment or utilization of correctional facilities or police headquarters for holding youngsters under any condition. Division 6 - Protection of children from undesirable practices 78. The very plan of the Act was the restoration in nature and not antagonistic which the Courts are commonly used to. Minorities under the age of 18 who are accused of any criminal act are typically processed through a juvenile justice system. Application fo the appointment of a guardian by a child or family member 1 If a child, or any member of the family, considers that a surviving parent is unfit to have legal custody of the child, he may apply to the child justice court for the appointment of a guardian.
Child Care, Protection and Justice Act (Chapter 26:03)
Illness of foster child If a foster child is seriously ill, the foster parent shall as soon as possible give notice to the District Social Welfare Officer who shall in turn notify the parents or guardians of the illness. In the year 1989, the Convention on the Rights of Child was adopted by the UNGA The law saw its course and over the years the JJ Act, 2000 proved to be a combative law to deal with the problems of juvenile crimes. Consideration for maintenance A child justice court shall consider the following when making a maintenance order— a the income and wealth of both parents of the child or of the person legally liable to maintain the child; b any impairment in the earning capacity of the person with a duty to maintain the child; c the financial responsibility of the person with respect to the maintenance of other children; d the cost of living in the area where the child resides; e the rights of the child under this Act; and f any other matter, which the child justice court may consider relevant. Duty to provide accommodation to children in need A local government authority shall provide accommodation for children within its area of jurisdiction who appear to the authority to be in need of the accommodation as a result of their being lost or abandoned or seeking refuge. Some of the examples of cognizable offences are Rape, Murder, etc.
Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015
Part II — Child care and protection Division 1 - Child care and protection by the family 3. Duty of a medical officer 1 A medical officer shall, if he believes on reasonable grounds that a child being examined or treated is physically, psychologically or emotionally injured as a result of being ill-treated, neglected, abandoned or exposed, or is sexually abused, immediately inform a social welfare officer or police officer. As per the Supreme Court of India, the Juvenile Justice Act, 2000 is enacted to manage offenses committed by juveniles in a way that was intended to be unique in relation to the law relevant to adults. Registration of children affected by HIV and AIDS 1 A local government authority shall keep a register of children suffering from HIV and AIDS for the purposes of ensuring that children— a are not discriminated against on the basis of their status; b have equal access to social services including, health care services regardless of their status; c are provided with the necessary material support if required; and d in conjunction with the District Social Welfare Officer, they are provided with substitute care in the form of— i care by relatives; ii foster-care; or iii adoption. Responsibilities of a manager of a foster home A manager of a foster home in whose care a child is placed shall have the same rights and responsibilities in respect of the child as the parent of the child while the child remains in the foster home.
CHILDREN AND YOUNG PERSONS (CARE AND PROTECTION) ACT 1998
No liability incurred for giving authorization 1 If a child is examined or treated pursuant to a the social welfare officer or police officer who authorizes such examination or treatment; b the medical officer who examines or treats the child; and c all persons acting in aid of the medical officer, shall not incur any civil or criminal liability at law by reason only that a child is examined or treated pursuant to that section. Recently, in 2021 the Juvenile Justice Care and Protection of Children Amendment Act, 2021 was passed by the Parliament of India with some changes related to adoption. The Act of 2000 was a genuine exertion made by the Indian law-making body to instill the standards of the United Nations Conventions like the CRC, the Beijing Rules, and the 1990 Rules. Under the institutional care, children are provided with various services including education, health, nutrition, de-addiction, treatment of diseases, vocational training, skill development, life skill education, counselling and so on to help them assume a constructive role in the society. Religion 1 Where the religion of the child is known, the child shall be placed with a foster parent who is of the same religion as the foster child but where that is not possible, the foster parent shall undertake to bring up the child in accordance with the religious denomination of the child. Request for social inquiry report A child justice court may request that a social welfare officer prepare a social inquiry report on the issue of maintenance and submit the report to the child justice court for consideration before the child justice court makes the maintenance order. These include sale and procurement of children for any purpose including illegal adoption, corporal punishment in child care institutions, use of child by militant groups, offences against disabled children and, kidnapping and abduction of children.
This article on this topic will help you to prepare for the Prelims and the Mains stage of the This article on the textbook will discuss in a detailed way about the Highlights, Background, Latest Amendments, Key Features, and more related to the Juvenile Justice act. This act provides courts with the option of treating children and youth who had committed offenses as apprentices rather than locking them up in the prison. However, a similar situation still exists as a result of a lack of responsibility, dedication, coordination between various Child Protection partners, and competent and sane social work professionals in the use of Integrated child protection schemes from the state level to the local level. According to this legislation, Children under 15 who were condemned to detainment might be shipped off to reformatory schools rather than penitentiaries. Summons Where summons have been used for the purposes of bringing a child before a court, the summons shall— a be issued by a court of competent jurisdiction; b be served on the child, or parent, guardian or the next of kin of the child; and c be served on a day and time that ensures due consideration of the best interests of the child.
Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000
While conducting a preliminary assessment to determine whether the child should be tried as an adult or under the juvenile justice system which prescribes a maximum term of three years in a special home. Society can brainwash an individual positively or negatively. Surrendering a foster child If at any time a foster parent intends to return a foster child, he or she shall bring the child before the District Social Welfare Officer and the District Social Welfare Officer shall place the child in a foster home. However, some factors make a person a criminal. Arrest of a child by a private person Where an arrest of a child is made by a private person, that person shall present the. Moreover, separate private organizations were set up where youngsters in strife with the law would remain forthcoming finish of their procedures or even after the removal of their cases by the children courts guiding them to be shipped off an establishment.
The argument to include 16 — 18-year-old minors in a special bracket was based on the data from NCRB. Functions of child justice courts in cases of children in need of care 1 If a child justice court is satisfied that any child brought before it under this Division is a child in need of care and protection, the court may— a order the parents or guardians to enter into a binding agreement to exercise proper care and guardianship for a period specified by a child justice court; b make an order placing the child in the custody of a fit and proper person for a period specified by the child justice court; c without any other order or in addition to an order made under paragraph a or b , make an order placing the child under the supervision of— i a social welfare officer; or ii some other person appointed for the purpose by the child justice court, for a period specified by the child justice court. The topic of the Juvenile Justice Act is an important topic under the polity syllabus. Parentage 1 Where the parents of a child are not known or where parentage is disputed, the following persons may apply to a child justice court for an order to determine the parentage of a child— a the child; b the parent of the child; c the guardian of the child; d a probation officer; e a social welfare officer; or f any other interested person as the child justice court may deem fit. A good and common example of this can be the brainwashing of people by terrorist organizations that negatively influences people to commit to violence in the name of their respective religion.