Breast cancer essay example. Breast Cancer Essay 2022-11-07
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Breast cancer is a disease that affects millions of women around the world. It occurs when cells in the breast tissue grow and divide in an uncontrolled way, forming a tumor. If left untreated, breast cancer can spread to other parts of the body, leading to serious health complications and even death.
One of the main risk factors for breast cancer is being a woman. While men can also develop breast cancer, it is much more common in women, particularly those who are over the age of 50. Other risk factors include a family history of breast cancer, having had radiation therapy to the chest area, and having a personal history of breast cancer or certain benign breast conditions.
There are several types of breast cancer, including ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), invasive ductal carcinoma, and invasive lobular carcinoma. DCIS is the most common type of non-invasive breast cancer, and it occurs when abnormal cells are found in the lining of the breast milk ducts. Invasive ductal carcinoma is the most common type of invasive breast cancer, and it occurs when the cancer cells have spread beyond the milk ducts into the surrounding breast tissue. Invasive lobular carcinoma occurs when the cancer cells are found in the lobules, which are the milk-producing glands in the breast.
There are several ways to detect breast cancer early on, including self-examination, mammography, and clinical breast exams. Self-examination involves feeling for any lumps or changes in the breast tissue, and it is recommended that women perform this monthly starting at age 20. Mammography is an x-ray of the breast that can detect abnormalities in the breast tissue, and it is recommended that women over the age of 50 get a mammogram every two years. Clinical breast exams involve a healthcare professional examining the breasts and surrounding tissue, and it is recommended that women over the age of 20 have a clinical breast exam every three years.
If breast cancer is detected early, it can often be treated successfully. Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy. The type of treatment that is recommended will depend on the stage of the cancer and the specific characteristics of the tumor. In some cases, a combination of these treatments may be recommended.
Breast cancer is a serious disease, but with early detection and proper treatment, it can be successfully managed. It is important for women to be aware of their risk factors and to take steps to reduce their risk, such as maintaining a healthy diet and weight, exercising regularly, and avoiding tobacco and alcohol. It is also important to get regular screenings and to be proactive about any changes in the breast tissue. By taking these steps, women can increase their chances of detecting breast cancer early and improving their chances of a successful outcome.
Breast Cancer Essay examples
As far as the radiation therapy goes, the test shows that majority of those who did not have insurance 58. . Financial support from the government is, therefore, needed. Breast cancer survival rates by stage. Many of the factors like smoking, alcohol, obesity are key factors that affect the incidence and outcome of breast cancer treatment. Although the prevalence of breast cancer remains high, with more than 60,000 cases diagnosed in the United States in 2015, the survival rates among certain population groups have also shown encouraging growth.
Physical exams must be taken, mammogram or other imaging procedure are also of great use. Some of the most common types of cancer are breast cancer, colon-rectum cancer, leukemia, lung cancer, oral cancer, prostate cancer, and skin cancer New Standard Encyclopedia. It now is thought in the medical community that while there are definite environmental contributors to cancer, even those people who are exposed to few carcinogens may suffer from disease that runs in their families. A family member who has inherited mutations of the susceptible genes stands a high chance of developing cancer. Another problem that Goldberg noted was that the great minds who had just obtained their doctoral degrees would not pursue a career on a research whose funding is scarce Goldberg. Increased efficiency in care has elevated the fight against cancer.
In an article printed on January 18, 1996, germ-line alterations in BRCA1 were discovered in six of the 80 women surveyed who had breast cancer but had no apparent familial history of it. It is also important to take into consideration the types of cancer that are given less attention. The details about radiation therapy do not cover the scope, doses or reason for the recommendations. Here again, there was a significant relationship between the variables and predictors. The database, like any other, does come with its own set of limitations Yu, 2009. This is a critical component of self-care and monitoring for women in order to improve their own screening tools and techniques National Breast Cancer Foundation, 2014. Cancer research needs more financial support for it to achieve progress.
Many of the tests and treatments may therefore, not get recorded in the representative sample. Diagnostic tests are performed to confirm the prognosis. The pink ribbon was originally created by the Susan G Komen foundation yet anybody can use this symbol, because there is no intellectual copyright on it. Individuals who have the mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 that have been passed down to them, are likely to get ovarian and breast cancers at ages earlier than those who are without the mutations of the above-mentioned BRCA1 and BRCA2. Sixty-nine percent of African-American women survive from it, and there are predicted to be nearly two million newcases reported this year in the U.
Cancer Statistics Review 1975-2006: 5-Year SEER Conditional Relative Survival Rates. Similarly, the test for radiation therapy revealed that 43. There is also a possibility of contacting specialists provided, which helps to diagnose own problems without actually visiting a doctor. These tests focus on finding the unhealthy BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation in their gene. Educational programs like these can have significant impacts on breast cancer mortality rates Asuquo and Olajide, 2015. Second level malignancies and interventions may also be missed altogether, leading to erroneous recording of information and results. A reason for this great disparity is the fact that certain advocacy groups, particularly those of breast cancer and cervical cancer, are more adept in their awareness campaigns.
Conclusion Breast cancer is a complex and multifaceted disease with numerous stages that requires the use of different treatment alternatives in order to ensure that patient outcomes are met in a timely manner. The study having been carried out in 18 cities in the United States, 77 percent of the selected sample were above the age of 50 years whereas over 55 percent of the women were diagnosed with cancer after 2008. There is a form of mammogram that is more recent. This would make it a real point towards fighting the war against breast cancer in women. These types of disease might be unfamiliar to many, but they could probably be silent killers. A gene known as p53 supposedly stalls reproduction of cells, and can even cause a cell to "commit suicide".
It promotes arrest of the cell cycle, promotes regulated cell death, inhibits angiogenesis and stimulates DNA repair as well as cell proliferation. Abnormal exposure to estrogen also predisposes to cancer. A concentrated form of limonene, a substance found in citrus skins, has been found to shrink breast cancer in animals. The specific mutation, 185delAG, was, "strongly associated with the onset of breast cancer in Jewish women before the age of 30. The tumor travels to surrounding tissues by blood cells. It is really evident from the study that the results concur with the opinion of various authors, in regard to the relationship between race or ethnicity and breast cancer.
Cancer cells can multiply indefinitely and contribute to the development of tumors. In addition, the lack of awareness, non availability of screening facilities and behavioral issues like smoking, alcoholism, drugs and obesity; contribute to the incidence of late stage breast cancer. To pursue the research regarding the cure of cancer, however, requires financial support. This again proves that the receipt of surgical treatment was statistically significant based on insurance type. It is the number two cancer killer among females ages 15 to 54. One of the SEER states, California, is known to have under-reported many of the cancer cases.
Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer, Essay Example
These may be: age the risk increases as a woman gets older , family history having other relatives with breast cancer increases the risk , race white women are affected more frequently , physical activity lack of activity increases risk , body weight the chance of getting breast cancer is higher in women who are overweight or obese , drinking alcohol the more alcohol a woman consume the bigger is a chance of cancer development , etc. One of the limitations is selection bias. Depending on the individual, Breast Cancer : Cancer And Cancer Breast Cancer Disease Overview Breast cancer is a disease in which certain cells in the breast become abnormal and multiply uncontrollably to form a tumor. They argue that the budget freeze has been slowing their work. This is a big limitation in the data.
In developed countries, population-based mammography screening programs. Breast cancers are malignancies, life threatening tumors that develops in one or both breasts. Such general registries may have missing data or data that is not really representative of the real-world research objective. This paper clearly points out its causes, treatments, causes and its preventions. Cultural biasedness: Data presented in the discussion solely compares disparities among various populations more than discussing a more effective manner of administering treatment and prevention of breast cancer.