Behavioral study of obedience. (PDF) Behavioral Study of Obedience 2022-10-27
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Behavioral study of obedience refers to the examination of how individuals respond to authority and rules. It is an area of psychology that has been extensively researched over the years, as it has significant implications for our understanding of social influence and group dynamics.
One of the most well-known studies on obedience was conducted by Stanley Milgram in the 1960s. In this study, participants were asked to administer electric shocks to another person (who was actually an actor) whenever they made a mistake on a memory task. The participants were told by an authority figure (a researcher) to continue administering the shocks, even when the person receiving the shocks begged for them to stop and appeared to be in extreme pain.
The results of the study showed that a shocking number of participants were willing to obey the authority figure and continue administering the shocks, even when they were clearly causing harm to another person. This finding suggested that individuals are more likely to obey authority figures, even when it goes against their own moral code.
Another classic study on obedience was conducted by Solomon Asch in the 1950s. In this study, participants were asked to judge the length of lines on a card and give their answer out loud. However, the other participants in the group (who were actually actors) gave incorrect answers, and the real participant was the only one giving the correct answer. The results of the study showed that a significant number of participants were influenced by the incorrect answers of the other group members and gave incorrect answers themselves. This finding highlights the power of social influence and the tendency for individuals to conform to the beliefs and behaviors of their social group.
Overall, the behavioral study of obedience has important implications for our understanding of how individuals respond to authority and rules. It has shown that individuals are often willing to obey authority figures, even when it goes against their own beliefs and values, and that they are also influenced by the beliefs and behaviors of their social group. Understanding these tendencies can help us to better understand group dynamics and the ways in which social influence can shape our behavior.
Behavioral Study Of Obedience Research Paper Example
The experiment's subjects were told they would be operating a shock generator with gradations ranging from Slight Shock to Danger: Severe Shock. Also, subjects were subjected to a sample shock to hoodwink them into believing that the shock generator was real Milgram, 1963. Again, the screams and groans made by victims due to extreme tension are another reason these committees would give out. Therefore, from an ethical perspective, the study failed. Obedience to Authority: An Experimental View. Nevertheless, even that level of compliance has troubling implications for human behavior under unethical authority. Introduction This paper is a critical analysis of a study that was conducted by Stanley Milgram at Yale University between 1960 and 1963 to evaluate a claim made by war crime suspects during the Nuremberg trials.
Despite its problems, the study has, without question, made a significant impact on Milgram developed an intimidating shock generator, with shock levels starting at 15 volts and increasing in 15-volt increments all the way up to 450 volts. In evaluating the situationist challenge against the actual results from empirical research as well as primary Aristotelian text, it will be shown that the situationist debate has advanced both an extreme, untenable view about the nature of characteristics and situations, as well as an inaccurate presentation of the Aristotelian view. Learn More Sample The study sample consisted of forty individuals from the New Haven vicinity. They were invited using newspaper advertisements and direct mail soliciting. The results indicated stronger obedience than hypothesized by Milgram 1963 , with the majority of participants showing complete compliance.
Introduction Informed consent is a legal and ethical requirement that researchers need to provide when involving human participants. The controversy was brought about by the argument that it had an adverse psychological effect on the subjects. But going by the previous brutal actions committed to people out of blind adherence to orders, a controlled study was needed to investigate the reasons as to why German police cops contrary to their conscience murdered millions of Jews under the command of Hitler. I must admit that despite the obvious violation of ethical principles, I find it hard to agree with the author, probably because of the enormous significance of the obtained results and relatively small alleged adverse effects, although such an approach to determining ethical boundaries is clearly wrong. Majority of the subjects proceeded with the experiment against their wish because they felt obliged to obey the experimenter Slater et al.
What is Milgram experiment (Behavioral Study on obedience)?
A learning experience platform LXP is an AI-driven peer learning experience platform delivered using software as a service. . Results of the Milgram Experiment In the Milgram experiment, obedience was measured by the level of shock that the participant was willing to deliver. The results of the new experiment revealed that participants obeyed at roughly the same rate that they did when Milgram conducted his original study more than 40 years ago. In the study, an authority figure ordered participants to deliver what they believed were dangerous electrical shocks to another person.
Intriguingly, despite the many years that have gone by since its conduction, this study still features as the most controversial of all the studies that were carried out by Milgram Slater et al. Some unexpected results, such as nervous laughter and uncontrollable seizures, also featured Milgram, 1963. We performed the experiment with a robot instead of a human-victim and compared the results of the two experiments. They were misled to believe that they were to participate in an important study at Yale University Slater et al. Current Psychology, 29 2 , 155-170. In contrast, the role of the victim was played by an old accountant.
The subjects although paid to participate in the experiment, they were assured that the money was just for their coming to the laboratory and not what they did afterwards. Individuals tend to override their moral conduct to be obedient to their master. In the place of obedience stemming from free choice, we may have acts that are the outcome of coercion and some form of psychological torture. It has been overly criticised for breaching the established ethical code. While researching an article on the topic, she stumbled across hundreds of audiotapes found in Yale archives that documented numerous variations of Milgram's shock experiments.
Learn More The sample was collected on the territory of the University, and the procedure was initially conducted on the premises. J Appl Soc Psychol. The Milgram experiment consisted of three key players i. It was published ahead of the book. .
The research was most successful because the participants were deceived into believing that the selection of who plays subject or victim was fairly done. The procedure involved an ingenuous person who was ordered to administer an electric shock to a victim Milgram, 1963. They all fell within the age bracket of 20 to 50 years Milgram, 1963. Answers to reflection question about the study. The impacts of texting on college students and contact with their parents have prompted this researcher to explore. The symptoms displayed by the victim indicated how intense he was in terms of emotional disturbance.
First, the re-analysis will argue that Milgram in none of these cases operationalized appropriately the concept he claimed to operationalize. Numerous western and Islamic intellectuals have conducted extensive research and published their views on whether or not Islam is compatible with democracy. The experimenter instructed the teacher to increase the severity of the shock with every successive incorrect response Milgram, 1974. Milgram's results showed that 65% of the participants in the study delivered the maximum shocks. Again, though the experiment was painful its discomfort was momentary compared with its worthy scientific gains. . Variations Led to Differing Results Another problem is that the version of the study presented by Milgram and the one that's most often retold does not tell the whole story.
This reputation lent the study as an element of legitimacy in the sight of the subjects. Applications of the Milgram experiment in business In business, implications of the study have relevance for a number of areas including The Milgram experiment is also relevant to software development and Related Terms Accountability is an assurance that an individual or an organization is evaluated on its performance or behavior related to. . Political development can be defined as an increase in political participation due to political unity. The purpose of the study as explained by Milgram was to investigate how human beings respond to authority power. The experiment was carried out in a controlled laboratory environment, where the procedure used is a useful tool for measuring obedience.