Arthur miller the crucible. Arthur Miller on 'The Crucible' 2022-10-23
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Arthur Miller's play "The Crucible" is a dramatization of the Salem witch trials that took place in Massachusetts in the late 17th century. The play is an allegory for the McCarthyism that was prevalent in the United States during the 1950s, when the government and media launched a campaign against alleged communists in the country.
In "The Crucible," Miller presents a society in which fear and suspicion run rampant, leading to the destruction of innocent lives. The play follows the story of John Proctor, a farmer who is accused of witchcraft by a group of young girls led by Abigail Williams. Proctor is a good man who is torn between confessing to a crime he did not commit and upholding his sense of integrity and honor.
Miller uses the character of John Proctor to illustrate the dangers of sacrificing one's principles for the sake of survival. Proctor initially attempts to stay out of the hysteria surrounding the witch trials, but eventually becomes embroiled in the chaos when his wife, Elizabeth, is accused of being a witch. Despite the fact that he knows the accusations against his wife are false, Proctor is faced with the difficult choice of either confessing to a crime he did not commit in order to save his wife's life, or standing up for the truth and potentially facing execution.
Throughout the play, Miller presents a stark contrast between the characters of John Proctor and Abigail Williams. Proctor is a man of integrity who is willing to stand up for what he believes in, even if it means sacrificing his own life. In contrast, Abigail Williams is a manipulative and selfish character who will do whatever it takes to get what she wants, even if it means lying and accusing innocent people of being witches.
The theme of justice is also prominent in "The Crucible." The Salem witch trials were a gross injustice, as innocent people were accused and executed based on nothing more than the baseless accusations of others. In the play, Miller presents the character of Judge Danforth as a symbol of the corrupt and misguided justice system that allowed the Salem witch trials to take place.
Overall, Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" is a powerful and thought-provoking play that serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of fear, conformity, and the sacrifice of one's principles. It is a compelling reminder of the importance of standing up for what is right, even in the face of overwhelming adversity.
The Crucible by Arthur Miller Plot Summary
The ten-year-old daughter of Samuel Parris and one of the primary accusers. People of 1692 Salem became consumed with fear of witchcraft and the Devil. Not surprisingly, they suspect anyone who despises Reverend Parris, or any member who fails to attend church on a regular basis. The Witch Hunt The witch hunt that takes place throughout The Crucible is a symbol of the hunt for communists during the 1950s. Specifically, Miller drew a connection between the unsubstantiated accusations of communist sympathizers under McCarthyism and the accusations thrown around during the Salem witch trials.
The Crucible is, on the surface, a retelling of the Salem witch trials. Amelia Emery Amelia Emery has taught high school English Language Arts for 9 years and University level writing courses for 3 years. He confesses their affair, says Abigail was fired from his household over it and that Abigail is trying to murder Elizabeth so that she may "dance with me on my wife's grave. Retrieved March 6, 2018. This fear, known as the Red Scare, led some Americans to believe that communists would take over America and replace its government with communism. Reed Hepler Reed Hepler received an M.
Their evidence was, at worst, completely made up, and at best it was vague. Verbal Irony Verbal irony is an ironic statement that uses literal meaning to imply another meaning. Under threat of punishment if she refuses to confess, Tituba breaks down and admits she communed with the devil. Miller poses the plot as a social commentary on social injustice. In the Puritan town of Salem, Massachusetts in 1692, the town minister, Reverend Parris, discovers his daughter Betty, niece Abigail, and other girls dancing in the forest with his slave Tituba. The play's The real John Proctor was also an innkeeper as well as a farmer, and was aged 60 when executed; Elizabeth was his third wife. Putnam, loyal followers of Parris, are very concerned for their own sickly daughter.
Plot Summary of 'The Crucible': A Play by Arthur Miller
Hysteria in Early Salem The oppressive government and the strain of personal freedom stirred a crucible of emotions. He was strongly and vocally opposed to the witch trials from their beginning, being particularly scornful of A close friend of Proctor's. People often use irony for comic relief, and irony could be present in different forms or styles. But Danforth does allow Elizabeth, who's pregnant and therefore safe from hanging, to talk to Proctor. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
The play itself is an ironic display of a court that claims to value justice and truth but instead rewards the opposite. The poppet in question had been created by Mary Warren. Perspectives on Arthur Miller. Knowing in his heart that it is the wrong thing for him to do, John agrees to falsely confess to engaging in witchcraft, deciding that he has no desire or right to be a Danforth, Hathorne, and a relieved Parris ask John to testify to the guilt of the other hold-outs and the executed. As Arthur Miller was reading Charles W. She distrusts her husband for his adultery, but eventually chooses to forgive him when he refuses to confess to false charges.
As the facts emerge, Abigail claims Tituba forced her to drink blood. . Notes and questions by Maureen Blakesley. In developing Arthur Miller's dramatic version of the Salem Witch Trials, the playwright crafts an episode of surprise, drama, and implied meanings. The Crucible, a Play in Four Acts.
John knows their apparent possession and accusations of witchcraft are untrue, as Abigail told him as much when they were alone together in the first act, but is unsure of how to confess without revealing the affair. When playwright Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible, he recognized a repeated form of hysteria in both the 1692 Salem witch trials and the Red Scare of the 1950s. In an effort to find the communist spies who had infiltrated various U. No character is in the play who did not take a similar role in Salem, 1692. He begs Danforth to postpone the executions in order to secure confessions, hoping to avoid executing some of Salem's most highly regarded citizens. Three types of irony in The Crucible are situational, dramatic, and verbal.
When challenged by Parris and Hathorne to 'pretend to be possessed', Mary is too afraid to comply. People who were accused of being communist or communist sympathizers were told that they had to name other people who supported the communist movement. The two finally reconcile, with Elizabeth forgiving John and saddened by the thought that he cannot forgive himself and see his own goodness. The Crucible is an allegory that compares the nature of allegations raised by McCarthyists in the United States to accusations of witchcraft that were not only false but malicious and patently untrue. Just then, Reverend Hale, a noted investigator of witchcraft, arrives, and Proctor, Rebecca Nurse, and Giles Corey leave. Playwright Arthur Miller On its surface, The Crucible is a play about the Salem witch trials of 1692.