Apa style citation example in paper. APA In 2022-10-29
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APA style, or the American Psychological Association style, is a widely used citation style in the field of social sciences, education, and psychology. It is important to use a standardized citation style in academic writing to give credit to the sources you have used and to allow readers to easily locate those sources. In this essay, we will explore how to use APA style citations in a research paper, including in-text citations and reference list entries.
In-text citations in APA style are used to give credit to the sources you have used within the body of your paper. These citations should be included whenever you paraphrase or quote another source. In-text citations consist of the author's last name and the year of publication, and they should be placed in parentheses at the end of the sentence in which the source is used. For example:
According to Jones (2020), "students who engage in collaborative learning have been found to have better academic outcomes than those who do not" (p. 35).
If the source you are citing has two authors, include both names in the in-text citation. For example:
Smith and Jones (2020) found that students who engage in collaborative learning have better academic outcomes than those who do not (p. 35).
If the source you are citing has three or more authors, use the first author's last name followed by "et al." and the year of publication. For example:
Smith et al. (2020) found that students who engage in collaborative learning have better academic outcomes than those who do not (p. 35).
In addition to in-text citations, it is also important to include a reference list at the end of your paper. The reference list should include all the sources you have cited in your paper, listed in alphabetical order by the first author's last name. Each entry in the reference list should include the following information:
Author's last name and initials
Year of publication
Title of the work
Publication information (e.g., journal title, volume number, page numbers)
Here is an example of a reference list entry for a journal article:
Jones, J. (2020). The benefits of collaborative learning. Journal of Education, 35(2), 34-41.
And here is an example of a reference list entry for a book:
Smith, S., & Jones, J. (2020). Collaborative learning in the classroom. New York, NY: Routledge.
In conclusion, it is important to use standardized citation styles, such as APA style, in academic writing to give credit to the sources you have used and to allow readers to easily locate those sources. By following the guidelines for in-text citations and reference list entries, you can ensure that your paper is properly cited and well-organized.
How to Cite a Research Paper in APA (with Pictures)
Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. Then provide the Twitter handle beginning with the sign in square brackets, followed by a period. Critical thinking in the university curriculum: The impact on engineering education. The basic constructions for citations are as follows: Direct Quotations Short Direct quotations use the author, year, page format. Testing for joy and grit? Sometimes, page numbers are also included, especially when quotes are mentioned in the text. URL Note: If you can only find the screen name of an author, use that as the author's name.
For example: According to Smith 2017, as cited in Brown, 2020 students need faculty and staff support to succeed. White House moves to limit school testing. Two or more sources by the same author in the same year Place a letter after the year of each citation that corresponds with your reference list. . Journal article or periodical article Last name, First initial. The first word of a subtitle is capitalized.
APA Citation Examples: How to cite anything in APA format
Journal of Scientific Conference Proceedings, 2 1 , 15—23. For example: Figure 1 Two Cats Resting Note. Year, Month Day— Day. Single Idea Sentence Place the citation for all sources together at the end of the sentence and list the sources alphabetically. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 23 4 , 571—582.
The reference list entry provides complete details of a source and is shown at the end of a document. APA has some very specific capitalization rules for titles. If you are directed to another website, create a reference to the specific webpage on that website where the materials can be retrieved. Sales are declining in the second quarter P. International Negotiation, 23, 1—30.
The reference examples shown on this page may be modified for collections requiring more or less specific information to locate materials, for different types of collections, or for additional descriptive information e. It itemizes the material you cited in your text. Deconstructing barriers: Perceptions of students labeled with learning disabilities in higher education. The University of Waterloo acknowledges that much of our work takes place on the traditional territory of the Neutral, Anishinaabeg and Haudenosaunee peoples. DOI or URL Example: Pyysiäinen, J. Journal Title, Volume issue , page range. Conference Name, City, State, Country.
If there is no title, create your own title that describes the content of the image. Science, 365 6457 , 981—982. APA Citations: Purpose and Components Using APA correctly serves a number of purposes. Include as many names as needed to distinguish the citations. When paraphrasing or summarizing a web page, the citation should include the author last name and date listed on the web page or at the bottom of the website.
Follow the style guide as closely as possible while trying to make it easy for your reader to identify and find your research sources. However, APA style covers a number of writing and formatting conventions, including pagination, fonts, heading styles, and the ordering of paper sections. If you have more than 1 source with the same author and date, include a letter designation to show which source you are citing. End the source with a period. Organizational Aesthetics, 5 2 , 10-24. If you cannot find an author or an organization that published the paper, you can use the first 1-4 words of the title of the paper instead.
Template: Author Surname, F. In-Text Citation Example: U. Title of the article. Example paragraph with in-text citations Adapted example paragraph Body image issues have been widely associated with social media usage, particularly in young women Perloff, 2014. Page number Use an alternative locator or omit the page number. Instead, write a reference for the whole book and cite the chapter in the text if desired e. Single pages take p.
For example, if you read an article by Brown 2020 and that author quotes the earlier work of Smith 2017 , Brown is the secondary or indirect source because it was written later and Smith is considered the direct or original source because it was written first. Year image was created. Culinary arts: Talent and their development. Reference List Format: Inventor, A. For example, if a screen name is in all lower case, keep the name in lower case in your citations. Or, if you integrate the author in the signal phrase: e. For such works, the first word in the title, the first word after a colon, and proper nouns are capitalized.
. When synthesizing research, you may find that you have multiple sources for a single sentence. . Image in an art database Artist. Center for Disease Control 2020 shared that. If no date is available, use n. Use the acronym for the organization for each additional citation from its source:.