Antarctic tourism case study. An ecotourism case study in Sub 2022-10-29
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Antarctic tourism is a rapidly growing industry that has both positive and negative impacts on the region. In this essay, we will explore a case study of Antarctic tourism to better understand the complexities of this industry.
Antarctic tourism first began in the late 1960s, when small groups of people were taken on cruises to the region for scientific research purposes. However, it wasn't until the 1980s that commercial tourism to the region really took off, with the number of tourists visiting Antarctica increasing from just a few hundred in the 1980s to around 50,000 in 2021.
One of the main drivers of this growth in tourism has been the increased accessibility of the region. In the past, traveling to Antarctica was a time-consuming and expensive undertaking, with only a few dedicated research vessels making the journey. However, with the development of new technologies and the construction of more specialized cruise ships, it has become easier and more affordable for tourists to visit the region.
Despite the growth in tourism, there are still strict regulations in place to protect the environment and wildlife of Antarctica. The International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators (IAATO) has set guidelines for tour operators to follow, including limits on the number of tourists allowed to visit certain areas and strict regulations on waste management and pollution.
However, there are still concerns about the impact of tourism on the region. Some scientists worry that the presence of tourists may disturb wildlife and potentially spread invasive species. There are also concerns about the environmental impact of the cruise ships themselves, as they emit greenhouse gases and contribute to climate change.
One way that the negative impacts of tourism can be mitigated is through the implementation of sustainable tourism practices. This can include the use of renewable energy sources on cruise ships, the development of waste management systems to minimize the impact on the environment, and the implementation of educational programs for tourists to help them understand the importance of preserving the region's delicate ecosystem.
Overall, the case study of Antarctic tourism illustrates the challenges and complexities of managing tourism in a sensitive and unique environment. While tourism can bring economic benefits to the region, it is important to carefully consider the potential impacts on the environment and wildlife and to implement sustainable practices to minimize any negative effects.
Antarctica case study Flashcards
First, examines the hypothesis that World Heritage listing increases tourist visitation numbers, and available international visitor time-series data are examined to provide empirical evidence. Australia has 14 areas inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list, on the basis of their globally outstanding natural and in some cases also cultural values. This paper analyses the situation of Antarctic tourism by literature review. Moreover, this paper believes that the two main development problems facing the development of Antarctic tourism are pollution control and management. Considers the role that tourism-based sea turtle-hatcheries can play in conserving populations of sea turtles by combining economic analysis of markets with ecological parameters. The primary economic injection accruing locally as a result of visits is examined and the difference that the presence of birds makes to local expenditure by visitors is explored.
This will necessitate a fresh look at the desirability or otherwise for charging entry fees to Lamington National Park. Therefore, market analysis should be undertaken before promoting the development of wildlife-based tourism in a locality. The prime purposes of the surveys were to determine the socio-economic profile of these travellers, evaluate the importance of Antarctic wildlife for their travel, their attitude to Antarctic wildlife conservation as well as environmental issues involving Antarctica, both prior to their tourist visit to Antarctica and following it. Some properties continue to experience low visitation rates despite World Heritage listing, and reasons for this phenomenon are advanced. As a result of this activity there are considerable economic benefits to the Bundaberg region during the sea turtle season. The results are similar for both graphs with the almost the same amount of people thinking Cromer has a good future. The results demonstrate that sea turtle hatcheries that operate for tourist purposes can make a positive contribution to sea turtle conservation, but this depends on the manner in which they are conducted.
(PDF) Antarctic Tourists: A Case Study of Their Evaluation of Antarctic Wildlife and Environmental Issues
They regulate the boat companies and try to ensure a sustainable future for the ice continent. Possible negative effects are also identified. Some animals - especially penguins and seals - are not used to humans, so can be scared away, abandoning eggs or young. East Antarctica - sea ice expansion - changed winds, more rain and snow, reduced salinity of water. Extracts from this document. The number of passengers on landing ships is limited to 500, for two reasons; it helps to reduce the number of tourists in Antarctica to sustainable limits and it reduces the impacts of oil spills, as the ships are smaller, so spill less oil.
Antarctic Tourists: A Case Study of Their Evaluation of Antarctic Wildlife and Environmental Issues
This dichotomy has tended to result in their support for the establishment of private property or where this is impractical, state property. . This article deals with two main aspects of World Heritage listing. Many regard listing as prestigious and believe that it acts as a signalling device like a brand name. This paper reports on the socio-economic profile of respondents, their willingness to pay for their Antarctic trip, and their knowledge of Antarctica. Antarctica has many features that are appealing to tourists. Since 1987, he has had managerial responsibility for New Zealand's five Sub-Antarctic island nature reserves and has had extensive involvement in field programs and policy development concerning the islands.
The responses of participants in Survey I are based on their pre-survey knowledge of wildlife. Face— to—face surveys were conducted using an interview schedule. Conclusion Coping with the Impacts of Tourism In order to reduce the amount of litter and waste dumped in Antarctica, tourist ships discharge all waste well away from Antarctic shores. Identifies possible economic benefits for local communities but also outlines possible economic costs to such communities. Visitors are banned from Sites of Special Scientific Interest, in order to conserve precious wildlife and landscapes. Tourism to New Zealand's Sub-Antarctic islands dates to 1968, but has expanded significantly since 1988.
The media also portrays such areas as appealing Furthermore people want a holiday that presents a challenge and activities such as glacier walking seems thrilling. Also, most airports are around these areas. The same additional set of participants completed Survey II after being provided with information on all the wildlife species mentioned in Survey I. Le tourisme aux îles subantarctiques de la Nouvelle-Zélande remonte à l'année 1968, mais il a pris de l'élan surtout depuis 1988. Many ships have run aground and had accidents and oil spills are an increasing hazard. Tourists are warned of the dangers to wildlife of getting to close to wildlife, most tourists who look at wildlife like the animals and, if they like the animals, they are likely to heed the warnings.
An organisation which rules the companies and tries to be environmentally friendly. Possible implications of the results for government conservation policies in Australia are examined. Furthermore, sea turtle-based ecotourism also provides educational and conservation benefits which are important for the protection and conservation of sea turtles especially in Australia. After discussing definitions of ecotourism, outlines possible economic and conservational benefits from developing ecotourism or wildlife-based tourism. There are a variety of sporting activities such as skiing, climbing and the? Support for the conservation of tree-kangaroos is found to increase with the additional knowledge supplied. Introduction Case Study: Extreme Tourism in Antarctica Where is the tourism? Visitors cannot visit SSSIs or Sites of Special Scientific Interest which often contain vulnerable wildlife, again reducing the impact of tourism. All activities available extreme and normal are also attractions.
The extent of support for and objection to the introduction of a fee for entering Lamington National Park is estimated. The economic and social wisdom of this is being increasingly questioned and there are calls for greater community control over natural resources or their co-management. The effect has been to dispossess the owners of communal or village property with many adverse consequences, examples of which are available from India. Realistic policies must take this into account. Antarctic Convergence Zone - at approx 60 degrees south - where cold water flowing away from Antarctic meets warmer Sub-Antarctic waters - leads to upwelling currents - nutrients mixed - high marine productivity. Antarctic Circumpolar Current - occurs at approx 60 degrees south - is a surface current that flows eastwards around Antarctica - blocks warmer waters from moving further south.
The interference with agriculture has been recognised as the main cause for the current conflict between farmers and wild elephants in Sri Lanka, as elsewhere in the Asian elephant range. As a background to the study, Mon Repos visitors' profile and socio-economic data of visitors are provided. The many suggestions received from visitors for environmental improvements at this site are discussed. Ecologists and marine biologists study the remarkable food chains of the Southern Ocean. The results indicate that if visitors can be shown the benefits both for visitors and for conservation of charging an entry fee, then visitors are more likely to support such a concept than when they are unaware of the benefits of a user-fee. A sufficient market does not always exist for wildlife-based tourism to make it economically viable. Background is provided on the nature and development of such hatcheries in developing countries, giving particular attention to Sri Lanka.
The prime purposes of the surveys were to determine the socio-economic profile of these travellers, evaluate the importance of Antarctic wildlife for their travel, their attitude to Antarctic wildlife conservation as well as environmental issues involving Antarctica, both prior to their tourist visit to Antarctica and following it. This paper reports… Expand. Moreover the wildlife can't be seen anywhere else e. We find that possible public support of farmers plus urban dwellers significantly exceeds the financial requirement of the insurance scheme proposed in this study for perpetuity. The comparative importance of Antarctic wildlife as a factor motivating respondents to undertake their journey is assessed and the evaluation of travellers following their Antarctic visit is considered. By 1994, a total of 3,090 people from ship-based tours have visited these nature reserves, which include some of the world's most isolated and vulnerable ecosystems. The study examines the economic impact of sea turtle viewing at Mon Repos to the region.