American history chapter 7 vocabulary. Outline of American History 2022-11-03
American history chapter 7 vocabulary
American History Chapter 7 Vocabulary
The vocabulary of American history is rich and varied, reflecting the complex and diverse nature of the nation's past. Chapter 7 of a typical American history textbook is likely to cover a range of topics, from the early years of European colonization to the development of the American Republic and the early years of the nation's history. Below is a list of some key vocabulary words that might be covered in Chapter 7 of an American history textbook, along with brief definitions:
Colonization: The process of establishing a colony, or settlement, in a new territory.
New England Colonies: A group of English colonies located in the northeastern part of North America, including Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire.
Middle Colonies: A group of English colonies located in the middle part of North America, including New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware.
Southern Colonies: A group of English colonies located in the southern part of North America, including Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
Triangular Trade: A trade system in which goods were exchanged between Europe, Africa, and the Americas, with each region specializing in the production of certain goods.
Mercantilism: An economic system in which a country tries to increase its wealth and power by exporting more goods than it imports and by accumulating gold and silver.
Navigation Acts: A series of laws passed by the English Parliament in the 1600s and 1700s that regulated trade between England and its colonies in North America.
French and Indian War: A conflict between France and Great Britain that took place in North America and Europe in the mid-1700s.
Declaration of Independence: A document signed by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, that declared the 13 colonies to be independent states.
Articles of Confederation: The first national constitution of the United States, adopted in 1781, which established a weak central government and gave most power to the states.
Constitutional Convention: A meeting of delegates from the 13 states in 1787, at which the United States Constitution was drafted.
Federalist Papers: A series of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay in support of the ratification of the United States Constitution.
Bill of Rights: The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution, which were added in 1791 and guarantee certain rights and freedoms to the American people.
Answer Key Chapter 7
In 1862 the Morrill Land Grant College Act allotted public land to each state for the establishment of agricultural and industrial colleges. The talking machine, or phonograph, too, was perfected by Edison, who, in conjunction with George Eastman, also helped develop the motion picture. Soon aggressive individual businessmen began to mark out industrial domains for themselves. Thomas Edison's incandescent lamp eventually lit millions of homes. The United States took a different course than its European rivals, however, because of its own history of struggle against European empires and its unique democratic development. CARNEGIE AND THE ERA OF STEEL Andrew Carnegie was largely responsible for the great advances in steel production.
Federalists like James Madison and Alexander Hamilton led the charge for a new United States Constitution, the document that endures as the oldest written constitution in the world, a testament to the work done in 1787 by the delegates in Philadelphia. He was given command of an army division and used his money to buy clothing for his troops. Minneapolis, Minnesota, and Omaha, Nebraska, and many communities like them -- hamlets when the Civil War began -- increased 50 times or more in population. Conflicts with the Plains Indians began with a Sioux massacre of whites in 1862 and continued through the Civil War. Guerrillas A person morally opposed to war. Cyrus McCormick achieved preeminence in the reaper business. Several factors accounted for this extraordinary achievement.
Civil War Vocabulary
The revolution in agriculture -- paralleling that in manufacturing after the Civil War -- involved a shift from hand labor to machine farming, and from subsistence to commercial agriculture. He was frustrated by Congress's inability to supply troops. Congress subsequently appropriated funds for the creation of agricultural experiment stations throughout the country and also granted funds directly to the Department of Agriculture for research purposes. During this period, public antipathy toward the trusts increased. In the years before 1860, 36,000 patents were granted; in the next 30 years, 440,000 patents were issued, and in the first quarter of the 20th century, the number reached nearly a million. Bayonet To leave military duty without intending to return.
Chapter 7: The Road to Revolution, 1763
On the far side, plains and deserts stretched to the wooded coastal ranges and the Pacific Ocean. Three years later, however, during the McKinley administration, the U. In its own earlier diplomatic relations with Asia, the American government had always insisted upon equality of commercial privileges for all nations. In 1867 the United States pressured the French into removing troops supporting the Emperor Maximillian in Mexico. Richard Allen Use these flashcards to help memorize information. In the referendum of 1952, the citizens voted to reject either statehood or total independence, and chose instead a commonwealth status.
AP U.S. History Vocabulary
Roosevelt repudiated the right of U. Neither Britain nor the United States fully lived up to its terms. A mere quarter-century later, virtually all this country had been carved into states and territories. Otherwise, American dealings with Japan during the latter half of the 19th century and well into the 20th century were mainly cordial and uneventful. That view was seconded by a powerful naval lobby, which called for an expanded fleet and network of overseas ports as essential to the economic and political security of the nation. Settlement was spurred by the Homestead Act of 1862, which granted free farms of 64 hectares to citizens who would occupy and improve the land. Great factories and steel mills, transcontinental railroad lines, flourishing cities and vast agricultural holdings marked the land.
American Government and Politics Chapter 7 Vocabulary Flashcards
When the Articles of Confederation were created in 1781, they too had little power. In the same period, the nation's population more than doubled, with largest growth in the cities. In 1862 Congress also voted a charter to the Union Pacific Railroad, which pushed westward from Council Bluffs, Iowa, using mostly the labor of ex-soldiers and Irish immigrants. It was at this school that Native American Jim Thorpe, often considered the best athlete the U. . Elsewhere in Latin America, the United States fell into a pattern of fitful intervention.
America A Narrative History Chapter 7 Summary
In 1830 only one of every 15 persons lived in communities of 8,000 or more; in 1860 the ratio was nearly one in every six; and in 1890 three in every 10. During the four months it lasted, not a single American reverse of any importance occurred. Emerging from the first Pan-American conference in 1890 was a permanent body known in its early years as the Pan-American Union and today as the Organization of American States OAS. Apart from the settled districts in California and scattered outposts, the vast inland region was populated by Native Americans: among them the Great Plains tribes -- Sioux and Blackfoot, Pawnee and Cheyenne -- and the Indian cultures of the Southwest, including Apache, Navajo and Hopi. Although the stated purpose of the convention was to modify the Articles of Confederation, their mission shifted to the building of a new, strong federal government. More generally, the doctrine of "manifest destiny," first used to justify America's continental expansion, was now revived to assert that the United States had a right and duty to extend its influence and civilization in the Western Hemisphere and the Caribbean, as well as across the Pacific.
Outline of American History
Another was the application of machinery to farming. The federal government even set up a school in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in an attempt to impose white values and beliefs on Indian youths. They wanted to revise the existing government. Yet in 1900 the South's percentage of the nation's industrial base remained about the same size as it had been in 1860. Another scientist, Marion Dorset, conquered the dreaded hog cholera, while still another, George Mohler, helped prevent hoof-and-mouth disease.
Free U.S. History Flashcards about Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Newspapers dispatched correspondents to Cuba and the Philippines, who trumpeted the renown of the nation's new heroes. But the Sioux of the Northern Plains and the Apache of the Southwest provided the most significant opposition to frontier advance. Morse had perfected electrical telegraphy, and soon afterward distant parts of the continent were linked by a network of poles and wires. Half a century later, however, as part of an ill-starred campaign to influence the Mexican revolution, the United States found itself sending an army of 11,000 troops into the northern part of the country in a futile effort to capture the elusive rebel and outlaw Francisco "Pancho" Villa. Ranching introduced a colorful mode of existence with the picturesque cowboy as its central figure. Despite its idealistic component, the "Open Door," in essence, became a diplomatic maneuver to gain the advantages of a colony without the necessity of wresting one from the Chinese. The tariff became the main issue of the presidential election campaign in 1888, and Republican candidate Benjamin Harrison, a defender of protectionism, won in a close race.
Ch. 7 Summary
Several Supreme Court decisions bolstered the views of these Southerners, beginning in the 1870s, by upholding traditional conservative views of the appropriate balance between national and state power. No single city had as many as a million inhabitants in 1860; but 30 years later New York had a million and a half, and Chicago, Illinois, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, each had over a million. Delegates gathered at a constitutional convention in Philadelphia. Pacifist The last major battle of the Revolutionary War, during which American and French troops bombarded Yorktown with cannons and forced Cornwallis to surrender on October 19, 1781. Meanwhile, in Cuba, troops landed near Santiago, where, after winning a rapid series of engagements, they fired on the port. John Paul Jones A British general, he led an army in South Carolina and later surrendered his troops during the Battle of Yorktown. Cities grew so quickly they could not properly house or govern their growing populations.