Althusser essays on ideology. Free Essay: Cultural Theory: Summary of: Althusser’s Concept of Ideology 2022-10-28
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Louis Althusser was a French Marxist philosopher who was active in the 1960s and 1970s. He is best known for his contributions to the field of Marxist theory, particularly his ideas about ideology. In his writings on ideology, Althusser argued that ideology plays a central role in the maintenance of social and political power. According to Althusser, ideology functions to reproduce the conditions of production by convincing individuals to consent to their own oppression.
In Althusser's view, ideology is not simply a set of ideas or beliefs that people hold, but rather a system of representations that functions to obscure the underlying relations of power and exploitation in society. Ideology is produced and reproduced through a variety of social institutions, including the family, education, religion, and the media. These institutions serve to inculcate individuals with the dominant ideology of the society, convincing them to accept their place in the social hierarchy and to reproduce the existing power relations.
One of the key concepts that Althusser developed in his writings on ideology is the idea of interpellation. Interpellation refers to the process by which individuals are hailed or called upon by the ideology of the society to take on a particular subject position. For example, a person might be hailed as a worker, a citizen, or a member of a particular race or gender. This process of interpellation serves to integrate individuals into the social order and to convince them to identify with the dominant ideology of the society.
Despite the centrality of ideology in Althusser's thought, he was also critical of the idea that ideology was the sole determining factor in human behavior. Althusser argued that individuals have agency and are capable of resisting and challenging the dominant ideology. He believed that this resistance could take a variety of forms, including acts of individual or collective rebellion, or the creation of alternative ideologies or cultural practices.
In conclusion, Althusser's ideas about ideology have had a lasting impact on the field of Marxist theory and have influenced a wide range of scholars and activists. His concept of interpellation, in particular, has become widely adopted as a way of understanding how individuals are integrated into the social order and how they come to identify with the dominant ideology of their society.
Essays on Ideology
. Althusser argues that the basic contradictions and irrationalities of the capitalist system will also interfere with the ability of ideology to fully capture a convincing experience of the world. They try to comprehend why economics and social classes are the way they are. Marx argues that economic structure creates the superstructure and that material relations determine consciousness. Goshgarian Berkeley: University of California, 2013 , 114—117. . Not all of these institutions are state controlled, but in general they function on behalf of the state.
. . Aristotle explains that truth can be described as that something that is definite. This is where the government issues ruling class ideas through different institutions, or apparatus, in this case education is the main apparatus. . .
Branded apparel is a method to obtain significant edge over your competitors. . For this reason, it is a good choice for someone unacquainted with his project to develop an initial familiarity. The function of ideology is to persuade workers to accept that inequality is inevitable and that they deserve their subordinate position in society. . . The person credited with this belief system was initially a communist.
. . Thus, from this small example, it can be seen that both the friends and we have completed a mutual recognition of the subject of each other, and also have successfully imposed or recognized ideology to each …show more content… The police hailing and the people on the street constitute a real relation in reality. These people are often called artists, yet some would say that they should be called heroes for their burning desire to lift the people from their very demeaning. Nick Trakakis Whither Morality in a Hard Determinist World? In addition, some individuals from certain faiths consider their understanding of the scriptures to be more accurate compared to that of others Rehmann 86. . .
Through this idea, Althusser attempts to explain that people have created these ideologies to avoid dealing with the reality of how the world is. Why have his ideas proven so inspirational? In the realm of literature the works of George Orwell has addressed this issue of control throughout his work, in particular in his dystopian novel 1984. . . It reproduces class inequalities through the generations by ensuring that most working-class pupils experience education failure. In his view, while the mode of production is determining of society, it can never be analyzed in isolation. Cultural and Social Ideologies Social and cultural ideologies deal with the environment and other issues affecting the society Zizek 129.
. We train our students to reflect critically on their own processes of subject formation. Therefore, people are alienated from labor, things, and relations with other people. Educations do this through the hidden curriculum and the correspondence theory. . Additionally, if we closely… Marcuse's Eros And Civilization Which demonstrates how sociology can address social change, by developing theoretical understanding as new social forms emerge. State apparatuses are defined as instruments used by the authorities.
In this context, it seems rational to view the church and the school system as ideological state apparatuses. On its part, feminism advocates for equality with regards to women. They range from economic to political, religious, social, and cultural ideas. These people not necessarily lead a rebellion, but rather act as a symbol for the desired change among the vast majority of society. .
This essay was most likely written for readers who are not all that knowledgeable about capitalism. In response, Althusser insists that his entire theory depends on the primacy of class struggle. . While this was a serious error, he is still to be credited with articulating perspectives that he hoped could win predominance in a political institution supported by the French labor movement. . In the first place, he offers to define ideology as an imagined association of people to their real conditions. Defining an Ideology A number of scholars provide varying definitions of this concept.
Althusser: ideology and the reproduction of the relations of production
But what, asks Althusser, are children taught within this educational apparatus? Thus, even though everyone within the society dies, the society perpetuates their roles and relationships and with them the practices of exploitation and domination. He was never troubled by the fact that his ideology was extremely anticommunist Althusser 200. Applying this idea allows the hidden curriculum to transmit values which are not intentionally designed to happen. Destutt used the term to refer to one feature of his science of ideas. Althusser posits a series of hypothesis that he explores to clarify his understandings of ideology: 1.