Alexander falconbridge. Alexander Falconbridge 2022-10-10
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Alexander Falconbridge was a British abolitionist and physician who played a significant role in the movement to end the transatlantic slave trade. Born in 1760, Falconbridge grew up in a time when the slave trade was a major part of the British economy and society. However, as he grew older, Falconbridge became increasingly convinced that the trade was morally wrong and began to actively work towards its abolition.
Falconbridge's efforts to end the slave trade began in 1788, when he published a book called "An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa." In this book, Falconbridge provided a detailed and disturbing account of the conditions faced by enslaved Africans during the Middle Passage, the journey across the Atlantic to the Americas. He described the crowded and unsanitary conditions on the slave ships, the brutal treatment of the enslaved people, and the high mortality rates that resulted from these conditions.
Falconbridge's book was widely read and had a significant impact on public opinion. It helped to raise awareness of the horrors of the slave trade and contributed to the growing movement to end it. In addition to his work as an author, Falconbridge also testified before Parliament and spoke out against the slave trade at public meetings and debates.
In 1791, Falconbridge traveled to Sierra Leone, where he worked as a physician and treated both enslaved Africans and freed Africans who had been settled in the colony. During his time in Sierra Leone, Falconbridge continued to speak out against the slave trade and worked to improve the lives of the people living in the colony.
Falconbridge's efforts to end the slave trade were ultimately successful, as the British Parliament passed the Abolition of the Slave Trade Act in 1807. This act made it illegal to trade in enslaved people and marked a major victory for the abolitionist movement. However, the fight to end slavery itself would continue for many more years.
In conclusion, Alexander Falconbridge was a key figure in the movement to end the transatlantic slave trade. Through his writing, public speaking, and medical work, he helped to raise awareness of the horrors of the slave trade and played a significant role in its eventual abolition. His work continues to be remembered and celebrated as an important part of the history of human rights and social justice.
Alexander Falconbridge (Author of An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa)
. The deck, that is the floor of their rooms, was so covered with the blood and mucus which had proceeded from them in consequence of the flux, that it resembled a slaughter-house. While they were in this situation, I frequently went down among them till at length their room became so extremely hot as to be only bearable for a very short time. The poor astonished Negroes were so terrified by these proceedings, that several of them, through fear climbed over the walls of the courtyard and ran wild about the town, but were soon hunted down and retaken. They are far more violently affected by seasickness than Europeans. He was too poor to establish himself as a doctor so in 1780 he became a surgeon on board a slave ship.
Alexander Falconbridge's Account of the Slave Trade Essay Sample
. It is scarcely possible to describe the confusion of which this mode of selling is productive. The women also are placed in a separate apartment between decks, but without being ironed. Why did Alexander Falconbridge name his colony Freetown? Others being prepared with several handkerchiefs tied together, encircled as many as they were able. In each of the apartments are placed three or four large buckets, of a conical form, nearly two feet in diameter at the bottom and only one foot at the top and in depth of about twenty-eight inches, to which, when necessary, the Negroes have recourse. To the Mediterranean, the Atlantic and the Arctic as he attempted to reach the North Pole. In the present instance, such an appearance being prevented, the bargain was struck and the slaves were accordingly sold.
William Wilberforce: The Atlantic Slave Trade 705 Words 3 Pages Men such as Olaudah Equiano and Thomas Clarkson were key to slaveries abolition. . . For the purpose of admitting this needful refreshment, most of the ships in the slave trade are provided, between the decks, with five or six air-ports on each side of the ship, of about five inches in length and four in breadth. These features meant that large areas could be used to grow crops.
Some voyagers would purchase more slaves than their ships could accommodate which then led to deaths of most of these slaves due to harsh living conditions. Alexander Falconbridge was an English surgeon. The source explains that the slaves were separated into three groups which were women, men, and the children. Clarkson was the author of a pamphlet entitled A Summary View of the Slave Trade and of the Probable Consequences of Its Abolition, published in 1787. When the ships arrive in the West Indies the chief mart for this inhuman merchandize , the slaves are disposed as I have before observed by different methods. . .
Analysis Of Falconbridge'S An Account Of The Slave Trade On The Coast Of Africa: Free Essay Example, 740 words
The number of English and French ships then at Bonny, had so far raised the price of negroes, as to occasion this difference. They then minutely inspect their persons, and inquire into their state of health; if they are afflicted with any infirmity, or are deformed, or have bad eyes or teeth; if they are lame, or weak in the joints, or distorted in the back, or of a slender make, or are narrow in the chest; in short, if they have been afflicted in any manner so as to render them incapable of such labour they are rejected. Which geographic features were favorable to the practice of slavery in certain colonies? Being some years ago, at one of the islands in the West Indies, I was witness to a sale by scramble, where about 250 Negroes were sold. The conditions under the deck where Equiano lived were dreadful: people were packed together so tightly that they were fighting for breathing room. Many of them very hostile toward him. The failure of the trade for that period, as far as we could learn, had no other effect than to restore peace and confidence among the natives, which, upon the arrival of ships, is immediately destroyed by the inducement then held forth in the purchase of slaves.
. In a voyage I once made, our stock of merchandize was exhausted in the purchase of about 380 negroes, which was expected to have procured 500. Henry Thornton, chairman of the Sierra Leone Company, replaced him as the company"s commercial agent only hours before his death. . . The excruciating pain which the prevention of a discharge of such an acrimonious nature occasioned, not being able to be borne by the poor wretches, the temporary obstruction was removed and the deluded purchasers were speedily convinced of the imposition.
Alexander Falconbridge, An Account of the Slave Trade 2
At New Calabar, in particular, the traders have frequently been known to put them to death. Source: Alexander Falconbridge, An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa, 1788. They then minutely inspect their persons and inquire into the state of their health; if they are afflicted with any disease or are deformed or have bad eyes or teeth; if they are lame or weak in the joints or distorted in the back or of a slender make or narrow in the chest; in short, if they have been ill or are afflicted in any manner so as to render them incapable of much labor. . For the purpose of admitting this needful refreshment, most of the ships in the slave trade are provided, between the decks, with five or six air-ports on each side of the ship, of about five inches in length and four in breadth. How did Southern Africa became a battleground for rival groups? The men, on being brought aboard the ship, are immediately fastened together, two and two, by handcuffs on their wrists and by irons rivetted on their legs. As very few of the Negroes can so far brook the loss of their liberty and the hardships they endure, they are ever on the watch to take advantage of the least negligence in their oppressors.
. Equiano accomplished to gain his freedom which is something that most slaves found impossible to do. The place allotted for the sick Negroes is under the half deck, where they lie on the bare planks. Dismissals included Charles Horwood brother of Anna Maria, Isaac DuBois, Anna"s second husband, and eventually Clarkson himself. Nor do these unhappy beings, after they become the property of the Europeans from whom, as a more civilized people, more humanity might naturally be expected , find their situation in the least amended.