A glossary for social epidemiology. Glossary a Glossary for Social Epidemiology 2022-10-20
A glossary for social epidemiology
Obesity is a growing problem in many countries around the world. It is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher, and it is caused by an excess of body fat. Obesity has a number of negative effects on the body, including increasing the risk of serious health problems such as heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.
One of the main causes of obesity is an unhealthy diet. Many people consume too many calories, especially from unhealthy sources such as fast food and sugary drinks. Physical inactivity is also a contributing factor to obesity, as it prevents the body from burning off excess calories.
The effects of obesity go beyond just physical health. It can also have negative psychological effects, such as low self-esteem and depression. Obesity can also lead to discrimination and stigmatization, which can further contribute to poor mental health.
Obesity is a complex problem with no easy solution. However, there are steps that individuals and society can take to help reduce the prevalence of obesity. These include promoting healthy eating habits and regular physical activity, as well as making healthy food options more accessible and affordable.
Government policies can also play a role in addressing obesity. For example, taxing unhealthy foods and drinks or implementing regulations on food marketing and labeling can help encourage healthier choices.
In conclusion, obesity is a serious problem with significant negative effects on both physical and mental health. It is important for individuals to take responsibility for their own health and adopt healthy lifestyle habits, and for society to create an environment that supports and promotes healthy behaviors. By addressing the root causes of obesity and working towards solutions at both the individual and societal level, we can hope to see a reduction in the number of people affected by this issue.
Glossary a Glossary for Social Epidemiology
Primate visions: gender, race, and nature in the 74 Porter D. Am J Prev Med 1993;9 suppl :82—122. Ann NY Acad Am J Public Health 1996;86:674—7. In: Marmot M, Wilkinson RG, eds. Disease and discovery: a history of the Johns Hopkins guide for health and social scientists. Epidemiol Rev of personal communities and voluntary groups.
In: Leon D, Walt 26 Davey Smith G, Gunnell D, Ben-Shlomo Y. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983. Annu Rev Public Health 1997;18:341—78. Gonoshasthaya Kendra, Savar, Bangladesh December 4—8, 60 Murray C, Gakidou EE, Frenk J. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1992. Epidemiology and social sciences: towards a 40 Kunitz SJ. The political economy of health.
A glossary for the social epidemiology of work organisation: part 2 Terms from the sociology of work and organisations
In so far inequality are interpreted as expressions of as people are simultaneously social and biologi- innate versus imposed, or individual versus cal www. Although many theorists suggest that work occupies a central place in human life, more recently some have questioned the centrality of work, arguing that we are now in a postindustrial, consumer-oriented society where consumption has replaced work as a source of health and disease in our societies. Prisoners of the proximate: loosening the 47 Lillie-Blanton M, LaVeist T. It is an excellent idea and stems from the fact that those who are involved in epidemiological work come from a diverse range of academic disciplines which often appear to speak different languages. Diversity: gender, color, and culture. The international tial, because shared observations of social glossary on poverty. In: Gordon D, Spicker P, eds.
A glossary for social epidemiology
One brief note of explanation. Social justice: from Hume to Walzer. That scientists' ideas are shaped, in part, by dominant social beliefs of their times is well documented. Chicago: ing the role of the physical and social environment. Poverty, 62 Braveman P, Krieger N, Lynch J. Social determinants of health. Therefore, this glossary does not exist within any overarching theoretical framework.
A glossary for the social epidemiology of work organisation: Part 1, Terms from social psychology
A lifecourse approach to chronic 61 Murray CJL, Frenk J, Gadikou EE. Stated simply, classes—like the mented through interactions among govern- working class, business owners, and their ments, international political and economic www. London: Zed Books, 1999:150—62. Core concepts for ecosocial theory accordingly include 1 embodiment, a concept referring to how we literally incorporate, biologically, the material and social world in which we live, from in utero to death; a corollary is that no aspect of our biology can be understood absent knowledge of history and individual and societal ways of living. Crisis, health, and medicine: a social critique.
[PDF] A glossary for the social epidemiology of work organisation: Part 1, Terms from social psychology
The sociology of health and illness: 29 Bryk AS, Raudenbush SW. Excess 34 Townsend P. Epidemiology and the web of causation: has any- incomes, psychological environment, or material condi- one seen the spider? People… Expand It is argued that social factors such as socioeconomic status and social support are likely "fundamental causes" of disease that, because they embody access to important resources, affect multiple disease outcomes through multiple mechanisms, and consequently maintain an association with disease even when intervening mechanisms change. Real science: what it is, and what it means. It is not possible to give a summary of the rest which does it any justice, but the terms defined include theoretical concepts such as the political economy of health, ecosocial theories of disease distribution, and social determinants of health; broad philosophical issues such as human rights, discrimination, gender and sexism, and racism; technical definitions of methods such as multilevel modelling, social class determination, and stress; and discussions of terms such as poverty, society, social exclusion, and life course perspectives.
[PDF] A glossary for social epidemiology
Annu Review Sociol 1984;10:353—72. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001:194—216. This particular glossary is a very good example. Examples of the importance of using data on men. Nations and nationalism since 1780: pro- sity Press, 2000:36—75. New York: Basic Books, 2000.
A glossary for social epidemiology., Child: Care, Health and Development
Oxford: Blackwell, 1998: 39—58. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Challenges Am Sociol Review 1950;15:644—8. It is an excellent idea and stems from the fact that those who are involved in epidemiological work come from a diverse range of academic disciplines which often appear to speak different languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999:211—39. Editorial: understanding socio- variables and fallacies in multilevel analysis.