The 13th is a 2016 documentary film directed by Ava DuVernay that explores the role of race and the criminal justice system in the United States. The film takes its title from the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
The film begins by discussing the impact of the 13th Amendment on the lives of African Americans, who were often targeted and arrested for minor offenses in order to be exploited for labor in the prison system. This system, known as "mass incarceration," disproportionately affects black people and has contributed to the United States having the highest incarceration rate in the world.
The film also delves into the history of racism in the United States, including the Jim Crow laws and the war on drugs, and how these policies have disproportionately affected people of color. It also examines the role of media and politicians in perpetuating negative stereotypes of black people and criminalizing their behavior.
Throughout the film, experts and activists provide insight and analysis on the topic, and the film features interviews with former inmates who share their experiences of being caught up in the criminal justice system.
One particularly powerful aspect of the film is its examination of the privatization of prisons, which has created a profit motive for keeping prisons filled. This has led to the proliferation of policies such as mandatory minimum sentences and the "three strikes" law, which have contributed to the high rates of incarceration in the United States.
Overall, The 13th is a powerful and thought-provoking film that shines a light on the systemic racism that exists within the criminal justice system and its devastating impact on the lives of black people in the United States. It serves as a call to action for reform and justice, and encourages viewers to consider their own role in creating a more just and equitable society.
critique of the 13th documentary
What is structural functionalism? It would prove a harbinger of things to come. By showing the unfiltered, real images viewers were forced to be taken back to that time. To rid of this stereotype that black men are dangerous, social media, video games, and literature should stop illustrating Blacks as the antagonists. Keywords: African American,American Civil War,Black people,White American,Slavery,United States,Racism,Race,Criminal justice,Punishment,Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution 13th, a film written by Ava DuVernay, based on the thirteenth amendment explores the intersection of race, justice, and mass incarceration in the US. The documentary 13th, written and directed by Ava DuVernay, is a modern take on the slavery system of the United States of America.
Throughout the film director presents an array of historical figures. Eva is a self-efficient author who uses history and available evidence to provide a work that no one thought she could successfully achieve. To the many speeches given by historical figures like Martin Luther King Jr and Angela Davis. Black men are often victims of racial profiling by police. Racial formation is the accumulation of racial identities and categories that are formed, reconstructed, and abrogated throughout history. Without credibility the audience would have trouble connecting and finding a sense of reliability in the ideas the director was trying to convey to the audience.
Unless, of course, they were criminals. In this film, they describe how mass incarceration in the prison system presents a negative reaction to the Civil Rights Movement. In addition, it is also mentioned that the corporation ALEC has a financial interest. Also outstanding is the fact that forty per cent of all convicted criminals in correctional facilities is African Americans cuts a clear picture of the essence of the 13th tittle of the documentary. The Civil Rights Movement was a time when black people began to fight back against the discrimination and violence they were facing.
13th Documentary Film: Reflection: [Essay Example], 706 words GradesFixer
How it works The documentary, 13th, includes the various use of anecdote to emphasize how the 13th Amendment was related to racial inequalities. Political opportunism is not the same as reform, DuVernay offers. From there, the prison population has continuously increased and reached a population of 2,306,200 in 2014. The film argues that the 13th amendment, which abolished slavery, did not free black people in America, but instead resulted in their mass incarceration. As such, the topics studied in the class carry almost the same themes as those highlighted in the documentary. It is also mentioned that most of the time in society we are defined by race. This government has the intention of throwing more and more people in prison.
Documentary review and summary: “13th” by Ava DuVernay
Mixed feelings have been persevered on the status of implementing these prison reform programs, with little getting done, and whether it is the right thing to do to help those who have committed a crime. It provides information that although the amendment freed the slaves, there is widespread slavery in the form of justice. The viewer is taken back to the 2016 US Presidential elections. The American prison system is flawed in numerous ways as both King and Alexander points out. So begins a cycle that DuVernay examines in each of its evolving iterations; when one method of subservience-based terror falls out of favor, another takes its place. The Summary Of Storytelling In The 13th documentary 6. If I'm telling these stories to reach a mass audience, then really, nothing else matters.
Ava DuVernay’s 13th Is a Shocking, Necessary Look at the Link Between Slavery and Mass Incarceration
Some of the most famous leaders of the Civil Rights Movement were Martin Luther King Jr. One of the claims that the author mentioned is that today incarceration is an extension of slavery. The document is put at an academic perspective to display the reality of how this problem stretches more each day. This documentary explored the ways this system of slavery contributed to the racism that exists in America today. This is because some races and ethnicities are over represented in the correctional system in the U. Racial inequality extends beyond socioeconomic measures: it shapes social interactions.
Coincidently Martin was also an African American. Learn more Mass Incarceration as Replacement of Slavery Immediately after the abolishment of slavery in the US, racist legislation and practices were put in place as systems of racial control and profiteering. When looking at the racial composition of a prison in the United States, it does not mimic the population. Additionally, many of the individuals suffering from the stigma of incarceration come from backgrounds of disadvantage such as single parent homes, low Examples Of Prison Overcrowding 1109 Words 5 Pages Racial profiling in poor neighborhoods led to skyrocketing arrests of young black males, completely reversing the black to white ratio of incarcerated individuals. Sagun Jio Byron G.
She portrays the effects of demonetization on the black community, which only served futile political needs. A significant flaw that was identified is the injustice of specifically targeting African American men for crimes due to the racial stereotypes formed as a result of racial formation. Tabarangao March 2012 La Salle College Antipolo City St. . The laws that were being used during this period were discriminatory in nature, and thus blacks were affected disproportionately.
Summary of 13th opportunities.alumdev.columbia.edu
In the documentary, we can see how African Americans are sentenced for many years since they are too poor to pay their fines or sometimes most of these people plead guilty to get out of jail fast. The author found that mainstream society believes that black people commits more crime and uses more drugs than white people, so therefore blacks deserved to incarcerated. What else can be in the mind of a woman who had no predecessors to ask the question about how they went about the concept and how they were able to deliver the message? This amendment was adopted back in 1865 related to bondage abolishment and termination of involuntary services. Where was the documentary first opened? In the South, minor offenses were criminalized, and the majority of freed slaves were arrested on trumped-up charges. Duvernay presented multiple civil rights activists like Malkia Cyril and Gina Clayton, who is the founder of the justice group Essie. This rapidly growing jail population is the result of several governmental choices. There is also a strong presence of legal jargon displayed throughout that helps create a connection for people in the audience who are more drawn to the statistics and truths of injustice within the US justice system.
By exposing in media that other races can be criminals, Blacks would not be in the limelight for being criminals. Another organization is the NAACP Legal Defense Fund LDF. This has led to a number of problems, such as widespread abuse and poor conditions. This approach to mass incarceration has evolved with time, and currently, it focuses on the war on drugs. Benjamin Rush, and it continues in modern-day America. According Walker et al.